CHILDHOOD OBESITY 5
Childhoodobesity is one of the growing public health challenges around theglobe. In the United States, obesity rates are high among youngchildren. During the past 40 years, childhood obesity rates haveescalated drastically (Ananthapavan,Sacks, Moodie & Carter, 2014).There are several factors that make children prone to obesity. Inspite of these factors, the government has an important role in thefight against obesity. Federal legislations present a vital mechanismfor addressing this challenge. Thus, this paper presents an outlineof the 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids legislation as a Federal lawthat addresses childhood obesity and macroeconomic forces at play.
The 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act is a Federal legislation that aims at promoting healthy eating habits among school children across 22 states in the U.S. (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2014).
These states are Nevada, Arkansas, North Carolina, Oregon, California, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Georgia, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina, West Virginia, Michigan, Texas, Mississippi, Montana, Maine, Rhode Island, and Missouri (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2014).
This piece of legislation ensures that children have access to healthy food. Bambra, Hillier, Moore, Cairns-Nagi, and Summerbell (2013) indicated that consumption of low-nutrition junk foods of high calories is the primary cause of obesity in school-age children. For this reason, the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act aims at minimizing the consumption of such unhealthy foods.
This Federal legislation also makes it mandatory for teachers to conduct regular physical exercise among pupils.
Consequencesof the Legislation
Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids law has protected children (a vulnerable population) from unhealthy eating habits.
The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act has provided a legal framework for schools to promote healthy dietary habits in children.
The law has reduced the number of obese children (Dietz, Benken & Hunter, 2016).
The law has changed how people perceive the government’s commitment to solving childhood obesity challenges.
MacroeconomicForces at Play
The 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act has reduced the amount of expenditures that schools incur on purchasing fast foods. The reason is that learning institutions are concentrating on purchasing healthy foods for school feeding programs.
The agricultural sector is improving due to increase in demand for fresh foods such as green leafy vegetables and fruits. According to Branca, Nikogosian, and Lobstein (2011), the agricultural sector is developing because parents and school administrators are gradually taking a paradigm shift from calorie-dense foods to fresh and healthy provisions.
The Federal law is also expected to have a significant impact on the economic productivity of employees. To some extent, obese individuals are less productive. Decrease in productivity levels among obese employees is due to frequent absenteeism necessitated by the need to go for medical checkups (Ananthapavan, Sacks, Moodie & Carter, 2014). According to Dietz, Benken, and Hunter (2016), checkups are necessary since obese people also suffer from medical conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular complications, and type-2 diabetes. As such, children who grow to become healthy adults will, in turn, become productive.
Tosum up, the paper presented an outline of the Healthy, Hunger-FreeKids Act, its consequence and macroeconomic factors at play. Thenamed piece of legislation is an important Federal law that seeks toaddress childhood obesity. The findings of this outline are the finalresults of a thorough scrutiny of literature on Federal legislationsthat aim at reducing obesity in children. These findings provide abasis for researchers to develop effective mechanisms forestablishing solutions to tackle childhood obesity.
Ananthapavan,J. Sacks, G., Moodie, M. & Carter, R. (2014). Economicsof Obesity —
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Bambra,C. L., Hillier, F. C., Moore, H. J., Cairns-Nagi, J. M., &Summerbell, C. D. (2013).
Tacklinginequalities in obesity: a protocol for a systematic review of theeffectiveness of public health interventions at reducingsocioeconomic inequalities in obesity among adults. Systematicreviews, 2(1),1.
Branca,F., Nikogosian, H., & Lobstein, T. (2011). Thechallenge of obesity in the WHO
EuropeanRegion and the strategies for response: summary.World Health Organization.
Dietz,W., Benken, D. & Hunter, A. (2016). PublicHealth Law and the Prevention and Control ofObesity.Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2879170/NationalConference of State Legislatures (2014). Childhoodobesity legislation – 2013 update of policyoptions.Retrievedfromhttp://www.ncsl.org/research/health/childhood-obesity-legislation-2013.aspx