Topic:Effects of growing up in poverty
Objective:To identify three effects of growing up in poor conditions.
Thesis:Growing up in poverty leads to development of mental illnesses, pooracademic achievement, and criminal behavior.
Growing up in poverty impacts the overall quality of life of the affected individuals.
About 21 % of all children in the U.S. are born in families that live below the poverty levels set by the federal government (National Center for Children Poverty 1).
Preview of main points
Poor academic achievement
About 43.5 % of the students who come from poor families do not meet any of the requirements set for the subject area assessment while only 13.5 % of them were able to compete with their counterparts from the rich households (Lacour 523).
Learners from the poor families are at a higher risk of dropping out of school, which limits their ability to attain high school or tertiary levels of education (Lacour 523).
Development of criminal behavior
Living in poor households makes people feel frustrated and powerless (Webster 5).
A large number of people tend to believe that they will never get out of poverty, unless they engage in criminal activities, such as theft (Webster 5).
Kids who are born and grow in poverty are 29 % likely to feel less optimistic compared to the general population with a 22 % risk of becoming hopeless (Ayre 2).
A study of 34,000 subjects established a strong correlation between the risk of being hospitalized for the psychiatric illness and poor socioeconomic conditions (McSilver Institute 2).
Living in poverty leads to the development of criminal behavior, mental illnesses, and poor academic achievement.
The association between poverty and mental illness is attributed to the impact of the living conditions on mental development.
TheEffects of Growing Up in Poverty
Povertyis one of the key issues that subjects people to different risks thataffect the quality of their lives negatively. People who are born inpoor families and spend their childhood as well as other stages ofdevelopment in low income communities suffer disproportionately fromthe risk of suffering from psychological conditions. It is estimatedthat about 21 % of all children in the U.S. are born in families thatlive below the poverty levels set by the federal government (NationalCenter for Children Poverty 1). In this paper, three effects(including poor academic achievement, development of mentalillnesses, and criminal behavior) of living in poverty will bediscussed.
Growingup in poverty is associated with poor academic achievement. Thistrend has been confirmed by studies showing that children from thelow-income families perform poorly compared to those who come fromthe rich households. For example, one study indicated that about 43.5% of the students who come from poor families do not meet any of therequirements set for the subject area assessment while only 13.5 % ofthem were able to compete with their counterparts from the richhouseholds (Lacour 523). This is attributed to the fact that peoplegrowing up in poverty suffer from psychological stress due to thelack of ability to meet the basic needs. In addition, learners fromthe poor families are at a higher risk of dropping out of school,which limits their ability to attain high school or tertiary levelsof education.
Beingborn and living in poverty is associated with a high risk ofdeveloping criminal behaviors. Scholars have made differentsuggestions in an effort to explain this relationship. One empiricalstudy indicated that living in a poor household makes people feelfrustrated and powerless (Webster 5). The frustrated people who feelpowerless at the same time are vulnerable to negative peer influence,which increases the risk of developing criminal behaviors. Moreover,a large number of people tend to believe that they will never get outof poverty, unless they engage in criminal activities, such as theft.In addition, people who are born in poor families tend to live inoverpopulated slums. The poor living conditions expose them tocircumstances that help them learn criminal behaviors.
Peoplewho grow up in poverty are at a higher risk of developing mentalillnesses compared to their counterparts who are born in richfamilies. The association between mental illnesses and living inpoverty is attributed to different factors, including a feeling ofless optimistic. The study shows that kids who are born and grow inpoverty are 29 % likely to feel less optimistic compared to thegeneral population with a 22 % risk of becoming hopeless (Ayre 2).Similarly, a study of 34,000 subjects established a strongcorrelation between the risk of being hospitalized for thepsychiatric illness and poor socioeconomic conditions (McSilverInstitute 2). Poverty also limits the brain development, whichincreases the probability of suffering from serious mental illnesses.
Livingin poverty leads to the development of criminal behavior, mentalillnesses, and poor academic achievement. People do not have theopportunity to choose whether they should be born in the rich or poorfamilies. Poor academic achievement is associated with thepsychological distress that limits the ability of the affected peopleto concentrate in class. In addition, people living in poverty lackadequate resources that can help them pursue higher learning. Theassociation between poverty and mental illness is attributed to theimpact of the living conditions on mental growth. The development ofcriminal behavior can be associated with the exposure of the poorpeople to circumstances that help them learn delinquency at earlystages of their lives.
Ayre,D. Poormental health: The links between child poverty and mental healthproblems.London: The Children’s Society, 2016. Print.
Lacour,M. and Tissington, D. “The effects of poverty on academicachievement”. EducationalResearch and Reviews6.7 (2011): 522-527. Print.
McSilverInstitute. Mentalhealth and poverty.New York, NY: McSilver Institute, 2014. Print.
NationalCenter for Children Poverty. Child poverty. NCCP.2016. Wed. 12 November 2016.
Webster,C and Kingston, S. Anti-povertystrategies for the U.K.Leeds: Leeds Metropolitan University, 2014. Print.