Personaltheory of counseling
Personaltheory of Counseling
My theory is based on thesignificance of understanding the meaning of life. Such an insightcan help in perceiving clients as people who need to recover andremain productive in the society. I firmly believe that gettingmeaning and purpose in life is important to psychological health andmust be included in counseling to facilitate the process of healing(Corey, 2015). This approach suggests that one must find meaning inlife so as to be psychologically healed.
Basicview of human nature
I view human nature as arepresentation of his or her environment, society and upbringing. Inother words, it is a product of an innate personal experience. Humannature involves the capacity for self-awareness where one can reflectand make choices. Everyone has the capability to learn and takeactions where necessary and it is through this that they caninfluence their lives positively (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2016).Human nature allows individuals to view themselves as free and incharge of their lives.
Keyfactors that account for changes in behavior
From the approach, peopleforget the meaning and purpose of life when they are emotional. Inthis view, the key factors that account for changes in behaviorinclude emotional aspects such as joy and fear. When people areterrified or is in a good mood, they may end up making unrealisticjudgments. Similarly, loss aversion may result in changes in one’sbehavior because human beings tend to concentrate more on preventinglosses than securing gains (Corey, 2015).
Natureof therapist-client relationship and its relative importance
A client is likely to becomemore receptive when the therapist avails effective therapeuticmeasures but becomes irritable when they do not anticipate goodresults from the psychoanalysis. The therapist may show empathy andpermissiveness if the client is ready to adjust to the behavioralchanges. As a result, the relative significance of this relationshipis that it helps the client to find meaning in life and regain losthope (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2016). Therapists assume that empathyand permissiveness contribute to behavioral changes.
Functionsand roles of therapist
Primarily, the therapist hasthe mandate to understand the client’s worldview and assist them tohave a new and better understanding of situations. Equally, theirrole is to concentrate on the current life circumstances of clientsso as to help them recover from their past. As a result, as atherapist, one is required to be active, educative, and motivational.Being a counselor allows an individual to supervise and instruct thelife of a client (Seligman & Reichenberg, 2015).
The primary goal of therapy isto assist clients to move forward and to realize the relevance ofrecovering from the past. Therapy takes clients out of theirobstacles, makes them flexible, and prepares them for freedom (Corey,2015). It concentrates on helping clients face this anxiety andinvolve themselves in activities that make their lives worth living.Due to therapy, clients realize that they can change their ay ofrelating with their environment (Seligman & Reichenberg, 2015).The process focuses on modifying and eliminating inappropriatebehaviors portrayed by a client.
Personalprocedures and techniques
As per the approach, the firstprocedure is an assessment of behavior through the way a clientdescribes personal complaints. A series of practical and assessmenttools are used to get valuable information regarding the client’schallenges. In the second stage, clients are encouraged to examinethoroughly the source and authority of their value system. By doingthis, they get to know the kind of life they want to live and have aclearer sense. The third and most important part is treatment basedon the outcome of the analysis. Lastly, clients are taught how theycan realize their strengths and use them to better their lives(Seligman & Reichenberg, 2015).
Populationsand clients best and least suited for the approach
The clients who are bestsuited for this approach are those struggling with instances of deathor those who are faced with the problem of decision. Also, the theoryis suited for clients coping with failed work or unfortunatemarriages. The approach helps them to stop blaming themselves fortheir predicaments (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2016). However, theapproach may be least applicable for human problems that result fromdiseases that require medical intervention.
Corey,G. (2015). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy.Nelson Education. Bottomof Form
Capuzzi, D., & Stauffer,M. D. (2016). ACA Counseling and Psychotherapy: Theories and Interventions. John Wiley & Sons.
Seligman, L., &Reichenberg, L. W. (2015). Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapywith My Counseling Lab with Video Enhanced. Bottomof Form