In many psychological systems,the unconscious holds the critical point although most of the time itis defined by what scientist believe, and not by what it is.Precisely, Freud brought out the differences between the consciousand unconscious mind. Although he did not invent the ideologies,Freud made it famous when he came up with the topographical model ofhow the brain functions. Apparently, Freud described three levels ofhuman mind which are conscious, unconscious and preconscious.According to him, the unconscious mind has mental processes that aperson cannot access through the conscious mind but most of the timethey impact the behavior, feelings, and judgments towards a person(Ritter et al., 2012). Freud emphasizes that the unconscious mindshapes the human behavior since the most important parts of the humanbeing cannot be seen. Many scientists have tried to analyze the truthof this theorem. Below are a comparison and contrast of threearticles that discuss the unconscious mind and how they are relatedto the Freud’s theories.

Comparison and Contrast

Ritter et al. (2012) stated thatthe world progresses due to the creative minds which are linked tounconscious thought processes. The people who unconsciously select anidea are better than those who use their conscious mind. Peopledevelop and choose the best idea depending on the conscious andunconscious moments. During the ridiculous situations, people tend tohypothesize and select better ideas than when they are aware. As aresult, the researchers conclude that the unconscious mind enhancescreativity.

Bargh (2014), on the other hand,supports the Ritter et al. (2012) when he insinuates that theunconscious mind improves the judgment of a person by making themtake the best decisions. The unconscious mind allows one to pick thebest cause of activity. For instance, dodging oncoming bus is similarto Ritter et al. (2012) suggestion of picking the best idea amongstthose selected. Apparently, most of the people unconsciously make thedecision about every aspect of their lives such as buying products.The attitudes that people make in their unconscious mind enablespeople to develop most approaches that are used against or towardsother people.

Hassin (2013) observes that theunconscious mind performs the tasks that are similarly carried out bythe conscious mind. Interestingly, the unconscious mind is capableof performing the cognitive process conducted by the conscious mindwhile given the opportunity to do so. Contrary the articles by Ritteret al. (2012) and Bargh (2014) this article does not show that theunconscious mind is better than the conscious mind. The basicreasoning is that the unconscious mind can do everything pertained tothe human spirit. The only difference is how the processes kick inthe two levels of the brain and how they influence human emotion,motivation, and cognition. Also, the article contrasts with Ritter etal. (2012) which suggests that the conscious and unconscious mindsetscreate ideas similarly.

Contribution to Freud theories

Bargh (2014) contributes more tothe logical perspective of why people relate differently to theirspouses and boss in the Sigmund Freud meditation. Consequently,Ritter et al. (2012) contribute more to the Sigmund creativity andidea selection by the unconscious mind. Hassin (2013) shed more lighton Freud’s believe that the conscious and conscious mind havedifferent functions. Apparently, the unconscious mind can do what theconscious mind can do.


Bargh, J. A.(2014). Our unconscious mind. ScientificAmerican,310(1),30-37.

Hassin, R. R.(2013). Yes it can on the functional abilities of the humanunconscious. Perspectiveson Psychological Science,8(2),195-207.

Ritter, S. M.,Van Baaren, R. B., &amp Dijksterhuis, A. (2012). Creativity: Therole of unconscious processes in idea generation and idea selection.Thinkingskills and creativity,7(1),21-27.



Thesisstatement:Both Humanistic and Psychoanalytic theories vary from one another inseveral manners. Their contradictive stand on psychology is evident.

Comparisonand contrast


Onemain variation is their view regarding human nature and the influenceof the society. Psychoanalytic – Freud- consider the humanbeingas inherently evil.They believethat all peoplewere born with the selfishmonster and evil motives within ourselvesthe -id. The id functions only on the pleasure principle. It desires toget immediatecomfortas well as avoid pain, not putting into consideration moralprinciples or how dangerous it may be to others (McLeod, 2008).

Onthe other hand, Humanistic psychologist – Abraham Maslow and CarlRogers – considers human nature as good. They have a positiveviewpointabout individualand criticizes psychoanalytic debate. With them, they believeindividualis born upright. They believethat every person has the prowess to grow and mature to become properbeing and implement the full potential (Boree, 2015, Larsen &ampBuss, 2012). They sate that individual have the choice of shaping howto behave.They consider that the society is the demolishing forceon the virtuous of a humanbeing (McLeod, 2015).

Anotherdifference between the two is their thinking on the development ofpersonality. According to a psychoanalyticpsychologist, characterrelies on the stages that human beings passduring development from childhood to adulthood. Fred referred to theprocess as “Psychosexual Development.”The stages are five (Sigelman &amp Rider, 2012).

Onthe contrary to the above, Humanist considers that it may take alifetime of a human being to understand and develop full potential.A most remarkablemodel is Abraham Maslow’s referred to as “Hierarchy of Needs.” At the last point of the hierarchy is psychological needs. Forinstance, needs that are fundamentaltohuman survival (Larsen &amp Buss, 2012). When the needs aremetthen,security requirementswill be significant. The third level is belongingness needs. At thefourth stage is esteem needs. Lastlyis the need of self-actualization (Larsen &amp Buss 2012).


Althoughthe models differ, they have some similar traits. Both theories haveindividualistic themes. Both of them places individual at the center.According to Psychoanalytic, individual is considered as selfish andalso an evilcreature that will wage violence upon anything or anyone on its way.It is in need of satisfying its desire instantly withouttaking into account theimpact afterthat.On contrary Humanistic findspeople as straightand soundand that cangrow into agoodperson. The two stress that personalityis vital in personality development (McLeod, 2015).


Boree,G (2015). Abraham Maslow. Retrieved from

Larsen,R.J. &amp Buss, D.M. (2012). psychology: Domainof knowledge about humannature(4thed.). NewYork:McGraw-Hill

McLeod,S. 2012. Carl Roers. Retrieved from

Sigelman,C.K &amp Rider, E. A. (2012). Humandevelopment across the lifespan(7thed.).Wadsworth: Cengage Learning.