Underthe postmodern model, there is the need for deconstruction which isobserved as one of the most vibrant psychological therapy solutions.The model which normally have three orientations includeconstructivist, narrative, and solution-focused which intends to helppatients who are facing mental disorders like addiction, temperament,and depression. The model seeks to treat patients by firstidentifying the cause of the patient`s problems and then evaluatingfor the best solution to the problem at hand. In most cases, patientsand therapists find the postmodern model very helpful which is one ofthe factors contributing to its broad application across the therapyfield. The various assessment strategies related to the postmodernmodel include evaluation and reconstruction of patient`s mentalhealth, counseling psychology and therapy sessions.
AntoineFisher movie as per the postmodern model
Themovie places a central focus on Antwone "Fish" Fisher whosereal name is Derek Luke. Fisher is seen as a highly temperamentalperson who can cause violent. He is serving in the U.S. Navy. Hisfather was murdered before his birth and his mother who was ateenager then by the name Eva Mae Fisher was subsequently arrestedsoon after his father was killed and sentenced to jail. It is here injail that she gave birth to Fisher. Fisher then had to be placed inan orphanage until his mother was out of jail. After two years Fisherwas yet to be claimed and was therefore in a foster home which wasrun by a religious couple known as Mr. and Mrs. Tate, whose realnames were Ellis Williams and Novella Nelson respectively(Boszormenyi-Nagy, 2013).While there, Antwone Fisher encountered both mental and physicalabuse which was done by Mrs. Tate. The abuse continued for quitesoetime until Fisher eventually left home to go to the streets. Hewas fourteen years of age at that time. After staying in the streetsfor some period, he made up mind to join the U.S. Navy. He decidedthis so that he could at least do something with his life.
Whileat the Navy, Antwone Fisher is subject to restrictions and mandatorytherapy where he meets a Navy officer who tries to help him toreconstruct some of the common beliefs and at the same timere-examine what he values in life. His Narrative Therapy is about howhe views his problems which at some point he says he needs somebodyto help him control them. In fact, he is given three therapy sessionsso that his emotions and attitudes could be reconstructed andre-evaluated (Watts, 2013).
Froma postmodern model perspective, the rough life which Fisher had as achild is the leading cause of him having a violent temper. The pointcan be proven especially after getting into a physical fight withanother sailor. As a result, Antwone Fisher is jailed at captain`smast and also demoted. Furthermore, he is fined, and at the same timegiven restriction to the ship for 45 days. He is also ordered to gofor psychiatric treatment by his commanding officer. It is duringthis period that Antwone Fisher comes into contact with Dr. JeromeDavenport whose real name is Denzel Washington. In an attempt to haveAntwone Fisher open up, Davenport encounter Antwone Fisher`s hightemperament as he is at first totally resistant. In the therapysessions, Antwone Fisher develops some feelings for his fellow Navysailor Cheryl whose real names are Joy Bryant. Since Antwone Fisherstill continues to get into arguments especially with the doctor,Davenport ventures into exploring Antwone Fisher feelings for Cherylso that his feelings could be turned into something positive (Watts,2013). It is during this time that Antwone Fisher eventually goes toa date with Cheryl and from there a relationship is established withher. This part according to postmodern model is the solution therapywhere there is a short term solution specifically created to caterfor the primary cause of a problem instead of evaluating the problemfor an extended period.
TheCollaborative Language Systems which is also one type present therapymodel focuses on solving problems through dialogue as well ascollaboration.In the context of the movie, Davenport initiative totalk with Antwone Fisher is a unique kind of therapy which issupposed to focus on solving the problem at hand through negotiationand dialogue so that the two sides can come to a conclusion. Theexpected result includes successful management of the patient`sstress and helping the patient improve his understanding as well asinsight. This is the benefit which Antwon`s Fisher is intended toachieve (Watts, 2013). That is why Davenport encourages him to speakso that he could learn Antwon`s mind and where he is coming from.This therapy model is precisely supposed to treat disorders likedepression, addiction, and temperament which Antwone Fisher issuffering from.
AntwoneFisher is also seen as a depressed man. This characteristic is seenwhen Antwone is on leave in Mexico where he fights with a sailor whosubsequently doubts his sexuality. He is then thrown into jail andwhile there he meets Davenport. It is during this time that Antwonereveals to Davenport that Nadine Tate sexually abused him as achild. Nadine Tate was one of the family member of the Tate householdwho had adopted Antwone Fisher as a child until he was fourteenyears. In a Later incident, Antwone Fisher tells Cheryl that he isunder a psychiatrist watch and that is when they have their firstkiss. The primary cause of Antwone Fisher`s problems can be seen asthe sexual molestation he experienced as a child and the problems heencountered while growing up. Antwone Fisher has also never knownparental love as his father had died before he was born and hismother abandoned him shortly after giving birth to him.
Atan encounter with Dvenport during Thanksgiving dinner, Davenportsuggests to Antwone to look for his real family. However, Antwonerejects the advice but, however, gives thanks. This happens justbefore inviting Davenport to his graduation ceremony. After theceremony, Davenport informs him that he is ending his therapysessions because he feels Antwone should progress on his own. Hemakes this judgment based on the progress he had observed in AntwoneFisher throughout the therapy sessions that he attended. Afterhearing this, Antwone Fisher breaks down as he feels like everyonehas abandoned him and the whole world is against him. He alsoconfesses that his best friend was murdered in an attempted robbery.He, therefore, explains why his friend had to leave him. It is afterthis that he realizes that he should look for his parent to findpeace. Antwone Fisher requests Cheryl to take him to Cleveland. Afterarriving at Cleveland, his mission hits a dead end at the socialservices and, therefore, he decides to go back to the Tate household.While there, he makes a physical confrontation to an already oldNadine as well as Mrs. Tate regarding their abuse. It is during thistime that Mrs. Tate finally reveals Antwone Fishers father`s nameEdward Elkins, which was one of the most crucial discoveries forAntwone Fisher in his quest to trace his parents.
AntwoneFisher decides to start looking through various telephone books wherehe comes across his Aunt`s (Annette real whose real name is VerneeWatson-Johnson) contacts. For that reson he orgarnises and pays her avisit. At this point, Antwone comes to know that his mother whosereal name is Viola Davis, lives just near his aunt and as a resultpays her a visit too. He, therefore, finds solace and forgives hermother for all that happened before leaving. After returning to theElkins household, he finds a party specifically prepared for him.This is the moment that he get to know all his family members andalso the family a love that he could not get at his young age.
Towardsthe end of the movie, Antwone Fisher pays Davenport a visit andcongradulates him for everything that he did. It is during this timethat Davenport informs him that it is him who is supposed to thankAntwone Fisher for what he gained from the experience. Davenportmakes a confession that for long he had been having problems dealingwith his personal problems. He, therefore, says that by treating himit allowed him to come to terms with his demons. The film comes closeto an end just as Davenport and Antwone are about to have a meal. Themain character who is Antwone Fisher is assisted through usefultherapy sessions by Davenport who helps him reconstruct his futureand come to terms with the demons which had been tormenting him for along time since his childhood.
Masteringcompetencies in family therapy
Thepostmodern model has a rich history in social constructivism as wellas the philosophical culture of hermeneutics. The two perspectiveshave played a crucial role in the development of the postmodern modeland its application in modern therapy treatment and offeringsolutions to patients. These are quite reflective postures which arealso one of the first reflection of the design. As part of the modelhistory, the model is focused on expanding as well as uncovering thesignificances which are applied to the people using the system. Themain contribution of the model is the ultimate change in theconstruction which is sometimes referred to reconstruction duringtherapy sessions. The perspective also takes some particularconversation orientation when it is in use. The relation between thepostmodern model and the Mastering Competencies in Family Therapyinitiative is the four core capabilities which include intervention,selection, treatment planning, and documentation.
Inboth the postmodern model and Mastering skills in family therapy, itis supposedly assumed that the change experienced occurs in the formof reconstruction of the patient`s views and attitudes so that theymatch those of the compelling environment. The most usefulperspectives, in this case, are particular intervention which arecharacterized by calculated changes in the way the patient views theproblems at hand. In a postmodern model, the therapy sessions providea perfect chance for reconstruction and subsequent treatments whichall aim at reconstructing the patient and restore him to his generalnature. There must be passive healing and positive engagement withthe goal of coming to terms with what the patient is suffering from.
Themain functions of the therapist in facilitating change in bothpostmodern model and Mastering Competencies in Family Therapy isoffering guidance to patients through timely and selectiveintervention which is supposed to reconstruct the patient views andattitude about the problem that he is going through (Diane,2014). Theinitiative specifically offers useful skills in marriages though itcan also be applied to other social institutions. The change is alsofacilitated through constant monitoring and evaluation of the problemat hand to gauge whether the correct intervention is being carriedout. In other forms, change occurs in a gradual and definite mannerwhich is as a result of core competencies and reconstructive therapy,taking full effect on the therapy patient or even in marriages wherethe skills are to be fully applied.
Thelegal and ethical considerations unique to the postmodern model thatneeds consideration include the concern that the model is seen as ifit encourages and promotes relativism. It is from this perspectivethat believers of this school of thought find it hard to squarelydefine what is wrong purely based on the postmodern model. Thefinding is further complicated when the utilitarian argument, whichbuilds on the premise that the majority prefer living the life thathas little or no worries and therefore the more existence of problemsin people`s lives is seen as a major contradiction (Boszormenyi-Nagy, 2013).The legal considerations are based on the expectation that those whoare found culpable of violating other people`s rights are punished ascompared to being subjected to therapy sessions. This contradictionis also evident when it comes to the issue of mastering competenciesin family therapy where offenders and violators are supposed to besubjected to the due legal exercise rather than being pardoned andlater subjected to therapy so as to find solutions to the variousproblems that might be troubling them(Watts, & Trusty, 2013).
Thepostmodern model applies to particular kind of problems which theclient is supposedly experiencing. For example, in cases of maritalproblems which require therapy as they are as a result ofpsychological disorders. Issues such as, addiction and temperamentthat normally affect many people especially those in marriages can besuccessfully cured using the postmodern and also application of thecompetencies in the family therapy models. The other kind of problemswhich the model can successfully solve is the addiction and angermanagement (Watts & Trusty,2013). The model is also fit inaddressing family related challenges whereby the family undergoescontrolled therapy sessions. The model is also applicative in solvingvarious mental disorders brought about by stress and depression.
Theclient problems which did not work include those caused by religiousdiversity. The said problems can only be traced on one`s beliefs andtherefore there is very little to do with any therapy session as wellas any reconstruction. The boundaries concerned in this case can alsobe applied when it comes to addressing disparities in religiousgroups especially those that come from diverse religious ideologies.The same argument applies in the case of other religious andtraditional beliefs.
Theresearch support of my model is more about the deconstruction ofcommonly known ideas after critical examination about the value itadds in an individual`s social encounters. Researchers have of latebeen more interested in how the postmodern model can be applied insolving commonly known marriage problems just like how thecompetencies in family therapy are evaluated and used in solvingproblems that come up in marriages. Previous research has enabled thepostmodern model to be applied in reconstruction and treatment ofpeople suffering from various psychological ailments like addictionand excellent temperament. The model is one of the most efficienttherapies to solve the above said diseases as it is a solution thatfocuses on the evaluation of the patient`s condition before analyzingfor the most effective medicine. It is through the support ofresearch that diagnosis and synergy with family therapy have beenachieved.
Theselected model is fit to the problem at hand as it best suits intreating psychological problems arising from traumatizing andstressful times that the client might have passed through. All theproblems that are psychologically instigated can be successfullycured by the use of the post-modern model as exemplified in theAntwone Fisher case where the patient was cured of great temperamentthrough reconstruction therapy. When the model is used together withMastering Competencies in Family Therapy it is supposed to bringexpected results like such as Narrative Therapy where there is theevaluation of a patient`s line of thinking and the subsequentbehaviors which are in various context based on the patient cultureand the following story that the patient might have written forthemselves. They are the problems that are focused on therapysessions which mostly take a short-term approach. This kind ofchallenges focuses on looking for solutions to problems instead ofevaluating the main causes of the same problems. The CollaborativeSystems which are mostly dependent on language, strives to solveproblems mainly through talking and collaborating with the patient(Boszormenyi-Nagy,2013). The same script is repeated when mastering competencies infamily therapy and thereby helping in maintaining healthy familyrelationships.
Thestrengths are combined with the postmodern model to include theability to solve problems arising from psychological and mentaltorture in the society. The model is good and also doubles as one ofthe best solutions to treating ailments related to family challengesthrough therapies and counseling of patients. The model is alsorelevant to addiction challenges which for a long time have troubledso many health practitioners globally.
Theareas that require improvement include the inclusion of problems thatarise from work and all other related issues. The model shouldincorporate work stress in its treatment program to make it better.The concepts from the mental health recovery model that fit thepostmodern model include treatment of all mental disorders throughtherapy and counseling.
Boszormenyi-Nagy,I., & Framo, J. L. (2013). Intensivefamily therapy: Theoretical and practical aspects.Routledge..
Diane,G(2014). Mastering competencies in Family Therapy.Cengage learning,Northridge
Watts,R. E. (2013). Adlerian Therapy as a relational constructivistapproach. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples andFamilies. 11(2), 139-147.
Watts,R. E., & Trusty, J. (2013). Using imaginary team members inreflecting “as if”. Journal of Constructivist Psychology 16,335-340.