PPE discussion Potential risks of long-distance running and weight-lifting in children

PPEdiscussion: Potentialrisks of long-distance running and weight-lifting in children

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PPEdiscussion: Potentialrisks of long-distance running and weight-lifting in children

Physicalfitness plays a predominant role in the optimal development ofchildren therefore, regular exercise is highly encouraged andrecommended. According to public health viewpoint, regular exercisehas a significant impact in the prevention of various diseases andhelps in the physical, emotional, and intellectual growth of a child.Nevertheless, intensive training among children could result inphysical and health risks. The essay focuses on the potential risksassociated with long-distance running and weight lifting, amongchildren.

Body

Sportsinjuries

Unintentionalsports injuries are very much prevalent among school-aged children,and a leading cause of morbidity. The involvement of youth inphysical fitness programs is relatively safe however, thesusceptibility to injuries increases with increase in body size, age,and skills[ CITATION Han13 l 1033 ].Use of protective devices may minimize disastrous injuries to variousbody parts such as head, eye, and the face. Sports injuries coulddamage the growth mechanisms, resulting in a long-term physical harm.Excessive training could lead to overuse injuries[ CITATION Mcm14 l 1033 ].Long-distance running may cause repeated bouts that destroy theepiphyseal plates of a growing child’s leg bones. As a result,children ought to avoid long-distance running competitions that aretailored for adults[ CITATION Mcm14 l 1033 ].Other physical injuries that children are exposed include bonefractures, skeletal injuries, muscular trophy, and damage toligaments.

Heatinjuries

Childrenhave a risk of heat injuries as compared to adults while training ina hot environment. Typically, children have a relatively low bodytemperature regulation mechanisms compared to adults. Moreover,children are heavily dependent on the increased circulation to theskin so as to regulate body temperature[ CITATION Han13 l 1033 ].Therefore, a decrease in flow due to hydration may weaken thepotential to perform training in the heat. Cautionary measures needto be taken when scheduling children for physical training eventsduring hot weather.

Physicalgrowth

Tolerablephysical training helps stimulate normal physical growth amongchildren and adults. In healthy children, regular training has apositive growth stimulating impact and helps negate potentialnegative growth risks. However, excessive weight lifting andlong-distance running lead to the loss of beneficial growth impact onthe skeletal system, thus disturbing normal growth. Weightliftingamong children tends to elevate blood pressure, resulting inepiphyseal damage[ CITATION Mcm14 l 1033 ].The endurance of intensive exercise among youngsters is usuallylimited, leading to adverse growth and development.

Heartdisease

Extremephysical training and participation in long-distance running amongchildren may cause permanent damage to the heart and prompt rhythmabnormalities. According to scientists, long-distance running eventssuch as marathon and bicycle races may lead to a structuralmodification to the heart and some large arteries, resulting in along-term injury[ CITATION Han13 l 1033 ].Additionally, strenuous training among youngsters could lead tohealth conditions such as anxiety, insomnia, fatigue, and depression.It is important to ensure children take part in acceptablephysical training programs that do not pose any peril to theirwell-being[ CITATION Mcm14 l 1033 ].

Conclusion

Thereare various positive factors attributed to physical training andexercise among children however, their bodies lack adequate strengthand control. Unlike adults, children have a high risk of physical,emotional, and health problems associated with weight lifting andinvolvement in long-distance running. Therefore, parents must ensurethat children are provided with the necessary training guidelines toavoid the associated adverse impacts[ CITATION Han13 l 1033 ].Health professionals need to acknowledge adverse effects of excessiveexercise among children and recommend appropriate training programs.

References

Hansen, T. (2013). The Speed Encyclopedia. New York: Lulu.com.

Mcmahan, I. (2014). How Far Is Too Far For Kids to Run? The Atlantic, 1-5. Retrieved from: http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/10/kids-and-long-distance-running-how-much-is-too-much/380857/