Prescriptive and Descriptive Arguments

PRESCRIPTIVE AND DESCRIPTIVE ARGUMENTS

Prescriptiveand Descriptive Arguments

Issue: TheLegality of Abortions

DescriptiveArgument:

In 2012, CDCdocumented a total of 699, 202 abortions (Abortions in America,2016). This figure represented a 4.3% decrease relative to the 2011numbers. In fact, a gradual decline has been seen in the number ofabortions since 1980. In the U.S., almost half of all pregnancies areunplanned. Notably, 40% of such pregnancies usually end in abortion(Abortions in America, 2016). Each year, 1.7% of women aged 15-44undergo such procedures. 12% of abortions occur among teenagers while88.7% of such events take place by the 12th week ofpregnancy (Abortions in America, 2016). Furthermore, half of thewomen who submit to these procedures have had previous abortions. Inthe U.S., single ladies account for one-third of abortions whereasless than 1% of total procedures occur due to incest or rape(Abortions in America, 2016). Therefore, establishing a frameworkwhere children would be catered for would reduce the total incidentsof abortion.

PrescriptiveArgument:

Women give manyreasons for undergoing abortion procedures. Some ladies claim to haveinadequate finances to raise the child. Other women state that theyare not ready for additional responsibilities. They fear that theirlives would be changed too much if they had a child (Abortions inAmerica, 2016). Unmarried women and others in problematicrelationships may also lack the proper circumstances. Some femalesare customarily young and immature such that they would fail atchild-rearing. Abortions ought to be allowed in cases wherepregnancies are caused by rape or incest. However, sacrificing humanlife on the basis of expediency should be restricted.

Responses

Issue: LegalDrinking Age

The statisticsprovided by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration offerstrong evidence for raising the legal drinking age. Nationwide lawscan reduce the number of fatalities due to road accidents. In fact,36 states raised their minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) to 21 years(NHTSA, 2001). Consequently, the availability of alcohol was reducedby establishing punishments. Young drivers also have the highest riskfor drinking and driving. Notwithstanding, the prescriptive argumentmade valid arguments for reducing the MLDA to 18.

Issue:Controlling Type 2 Diabetes

The descriptiveargument provides conclusive evidence to show the risk factors fortype 2 diabetes. Lifestyle issues pertaining to exercise and diethave a fundamental effect on the development and progression of thedisease (Risérus, Willett, &amp Hu, 2009). In fact, many personswith type 2 diabetes deal with obesity. Consequently, maintaining ahealthy BMI can delay the onset of the disease. In this regard, theprescriptive argument makes a valid claim for individuals to controltheir dietary choices. Persons who show little regard for dietaryrestrictions are not fit to receive medical insurance.

References

Abortions in America. (2016, October 29). Operation Rescue.Retrieved fromhttp://www.operationrescue.org/about-abortion/abortions-in-america/

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA): Traffic Tech.(2001). Decline in youth alcohol-related fatalities attributed tofour factors. Retrieved fromhttp://www.nhtsa.gov/people/outreach/traftech/TT261.htm

Risérus, U., Willett, W. C., &amp Hu, F. B. (2009). Dietary fatsand prevention of type 2 diabetes. National Institutes of Health,48(1), 44-€“51. Retrievedfromhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2654180/?tool=pmcentrez