Preventivecare as the name suggest is care that that is given to prevent thedevelopment of a serious condition. involvesgathering information from the patient’s medical history,siblings’/ parents’ medical history and lifestyle to predictpossible future ailments before they develop. This paper will focuson the questions to ask when collecting information and the impact ofgender, age, and risk factors on possible future ailments.
Questionsto ask in preventive care
Preventivecare focuses on detecting health problems before they are too severeto treat. It involves checkups, screenings, and immunization. Historytaking starts with simple questions like the patient name, age,gender, whom they came with and how they ended up in the hospital.Other issues that need to be asked are past medical history, drughistory and allergies, social status and body systems review. Getinformation about past diseases, complications or surgeries (Taksleret. al. 2013). Ask the patient if any of their parents or siblingshave suffered from any genetic diseases. Get information about thepatient social history like smoking, drinking, marital status,occupation, and hobbies. Ask the patient about where they live andthe accommodation state.
Healthresearch has shown that men and women are different. Their access andcontrol, decision-making authority in the social setting, are alsodifferent as the society has assigned them. Gender influences contactwith health risks, exposure to health information and social-economicsignificances of poor health. Women have a social responsibility oftaking care of their children. Hence caregivers should educate themmore on how to keep their children healthy. On the contrary, menexperience a lot of pressure from the society as they are the breadwinners. They tend to cope with the stress through drug use anddrinking. A lot of health education on dangers of drug use should befocused on men. and health education need torecognize the social and behavioral differences between men and womenand address them accordingly.
Ageis a risk factor for some diseases. Some conditions only affectchildren while others affect only older people. During delivery ofpreventive service, age should be considered. Health educationconcerning the health of young or elderly should be given to theirimmediate family other than the patient because they may be tooyoung to understand or too old to remember. Another age bracket thatis hard to address is the adolescent. This group needs to be educatedon how to ensure a healthy life. However, they may tend to beignorant or think they know everything. It is the responsibility ofthe caregiver to help them understand.
Healthpromotion focuses on enabling people to develop personal skills byproviding them with the necessary information. The process of healthpromotion is a continuous one with few stages. The patient’s skillswill develop in milestones. At first, patients think that the healthcare is the only one who should know why they are sick. After healthpromotion patients can understand what they can do concerning theirhealth. Patients can understand what they can do to improve theirhealth. Patients realize that they have a role to play in theirhealth, they can take responsibility in making health-relateddecisions. (Egger, et. al. (2013). They can accept or deny atreatment method. With health promotion, patients and their familiesknow the options they have in treating a particular condition.
Someof the risk factors that are associated with health promotion areage, gender, genetic information, drug abuse, weight issues,nutrition and environmental issues. Health promotion aims atimproving the personal ability of an individual to improve theirhealth. The goal of health promotion is to ensure an environmentwhere healthiness is essential and ensure prevention of illnesses.
Egger,G., Spark, R., & Donovan, R. (2013). Health Promotion-Strategiesand Methods.
Sharma,M. (2016). Theoreticalfoundations of health education and health promotion.Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Taksler,G. B., Keshner, M., Fagerlin, A., Hajizadeh, N., & Braithwaite,R. S. (2013). Personalized estimates of benefit from preventive careguidelines: a proof of concept. Annalsof internal medicine, 159(3),161-168.