PROFESSIONAL ETHICS 7
Roleof Ethics in Project Management
Integrityand observing ethics arenecessaryquality for any person willing to pursue a career. They help inshaping responsibleindividuals that can bring success to a firm. All organizationsembrace aparticularcode of conduct in running their operations. These behaviorsultimately reflectthe ethics within the enterprise.These set rules are instrumental in helping any organization achieveits goals whether short term or long term (Haukur & Ingason,2013). Moreover, they aim at creating a favorable environment whereeverybody works under similar conditions.Therefore, this paper aims at tackling ethical behavior in adifferent perspective. It focuses on outlining its importance in theaspect of project management.
Ethicsplays a criticalrole in the status of the society or an organization. Through it, thecommunitybecomes betterbecause moral conduct ensures that people are responsible and liveaccordingly (PMI,2016).By creating an enabling environment based on equality, teamwork risesand ultimately leads to prosperity within the firm. Any companythat aims at creating such an environment must possess a set ofethics that its employees adhere.The ultimate results of valuesmanifestthrough professional conduct which is how employees behave. Withsoundprinciples,an increase in business relations with customers and otherstakeholdersis likely to happen. Moreover, standardscreatean identity for the organization, thus it becomes a form of identitybranding. Additionally, a work environment is characterized bypressure and stress. Afavorableenvironment that observes ethics is likely to witness little of thesesetbacks. Therefore, ethics is animportantentity in any workplace,and the success of a project entirely depends on how concernedparties uphold it.
Understandingof the Environment
EthicalIssuesin Project Management
Projectsrequire competence and diversity especially when it comes toexecution of tasks and approaches taken when dealing with arisingproblems. In a successful project management system, staffmotivation,and profit are vital.The teamplays acriticalrole in ensuring that the projects run successfully. The aim of aproject is always to achieve the set goals and therefore achievingthem must happen at all costs. An organization displays incompetencewhen the input of resources is more than the expected results(Hydari, 2013). In such a scenario, there is always a highprobability that management issues have a problem. According to PMI(2016), aproject manager must uphold the qualities expected of him and alsoguide the staff towards achieving the target goals. The managershould have respect, fairness, honesty and responsibility (PMI,2016).The factors act as the key to the door of ethics and code of conductin the project management career. In the process of projectmanagement, the manager is likely to face issues like
Theprocess of project management requires that the entire team followthe right approaches when executing assigned tasks. Any faulty in theprocess always results in poor or unexpected results. On fewoccasions, some members of the team mess up while carrying on withtheir roles. Scenarios of them not admitting to their wrong doing arevery common. The situation is worse especially if the project managerin charge of watching over the entire project make a mistake (Webb,2009). Ethically, if the project manager is responsible for thefault, then he or she must admit and take responsibility forthe situation before more damages occur. Lack of admittance to wrongis common in many projectstheinvolved parties are more of manager of the junior team.
Focusof blame in case of failure
Atthe end of a project, the manager might either meet or deviate fromthe expected goals. Sometimes the project fails,itis hard to determine whom to blame forthe failure. In such a case outsidethe professional field, it is easy to point the fingerat a particularperson being the cause. Ethically, such a happening should notattract any blame game rather the entire team that took part in theproject must hold accountability. For instance, if the projectmanager delegates’ duties to particularpeople and lateron the project fail because some people did not attend to theirduties,then the entire team is to blame for everything Such scenarios callfor serious analysis of all entities that took part in the executionof the project. Additionally, lying down of facts and the intensityof damages is crucialbecause it facilitates coming up with better solutions. Avoidingblame games in cases of project failure is the ethical way to dealwith setbacks encountered in project management.
Choicesare part and of a project and the project manager is the focalperson in making decisions aboutthe project in continuation. If rightselections are made considering that projects operate on a budget,then there are high chances of the project succeeding.Somescenarios of project management involve more than one party. Toughchoices might arise especially if the managers of both sideshave conflicting ideologies on the best approaches to use. Ethically,addressing such scenarios involves research and consultation on theideas of both ends before coming up with an appropriate solution.
Necessityof Ethical Behavior
Aproject observing ethics provides an equal working ground for theentire team and also allows peaceful coexistence as long as theproject is still in operation. Through that, cohesion occurs amongthe team members because none of them feels left out. Ethics alsoensures that members have personal consolation on different areasconcerning the project. Ultimately teamwork results because theentire project works and approaches issues together. Moreover, inproject management, the project manager symbolizes power andtherefore, the entire team considers the directoras a point of reference. Ultimately through cohesion and teamwork,the likelihood of the project being successful is very high becausedivisions among employees rarely arise. Sharing of ideas also helpsimprove relationships between people who also get to learn newapproaches from their colleges.
PMI(2016) suggests that the real definition of ethics is the goodmanagement of resources and proper decision making skills. Allprojects operate on a budget whose adherence to leads to betterresults. Any miscalculations causeexhaustion ofresources which leads to stagnating of the project and reducedquality results when the project is finally over. Ethics has asignificantimpact on resource managementin a project. For instance, the logistics team giving correct data isparamountto the life of the project. Just in case wrong details are given, thefinaloveralloutcome of the project is affected. By observing ethics, the teaminvolved in managing the project expresses honesty, and integrity inall matters concerning the project (Turner, 2003). By doing so, theexpected outcomes aremetwithout any hitches. Moreover, it saves on other expenses like theneed for more resources especially in scenarios where the project isincomplete.
Allprojects operate on a schedule whereby results or completion periodis expected depending on the plan. Ethics saves on time consideringthat the entire team plays their role preventing time wastage that ispossible through, dealing with unethical issues, sluggishness orconflicts relating to work which might arise within the organization.
Anenterpriselacking dreams of things to accomplishtermedunambitious. The situation can stem from the firm having no laidplans and approaches on the specific things to perform. In projectmanagementgoalsare necessarythat even what happens during the execution project. What matters isthe ultimate results obtained after the project is complete. Goodethical behaviors showcased by the team running the projectultimately leads to achieving the expected goals because everyonewithin the team executes their specific roles on time and without themanager watching. Additionally, the soundethics facilitate the properapproach to issues of concern that might block reaching of projectgoals.
Observingethical behavior in project management is the determinant factor onhow successful the project ends up to be. Ethics cuts across alllevels of the project and therefore, the people involved in runningthe project have to work together so as to realize the stated goals.Unethicalbehavior is the cause of many projects failing to achieve theexpected goals. Therefore, before starting up on a project,considering ethical factors can help in the initial set up, executionand completion of the project.
HaukurIngi Jónasson., & Ingason, H. (2013). Projectethics.Farnham, Surrey, England: Gower.
Hydari,H. (2013). Project Ethics. ProjectManagement Journal, 44(6),e3-e3. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmj.21375
Turner,J. (2003). Peoplein project management.Aldershot, Hants, England: Gower.
Webb,D. (2009). Heidegger,ethics and the practice of ontology.London: Continuum.
ProjectManagement Institute (PMI) (2016). Code of Ethics andProfessional Conduct.Retrieved on 8thNovember 2016 fromhttps://www.pmi.org/about/ethics/code