Egyptis the home of these magnificent structures which have igniteddifferent speculations in regards to their construction. They arebelieved to have been built by the ancient Egyptians thousands ofyears ago (Matthews,2012). Varioushistorians have developed numerous but controversial theories toexplain the mysteries behind the construction of the pyramids(Taylor, 2014).
Accordingto Davidovits and Morris (1988) in one of their pieces titled “ThePyramids: An Enigma Solved”, they formulated a theory that attemptsto explain the existence of the pyramids of Giza. The authorsdemonstrate that the concrete blocks used to build the pyramids wereof superbly high-quality. The exceptional hardness of the blocks isattributed to the high composition of limestone and cement. Thetheory further explains that through the whole duration of pyramidconstruction, there was no stone hauling, cutting or hosting. Insteadof quarrying the building stone, polymeric cement was used to makebricks (Wilson, 2013). Polymeric cement has no important shrinkingproperties, and the bricks don’t easily fuse when cast together.Bucket Heaps of slurry were hauled up by men and then emptied intowooden molds which were then reused.
Theother theory was formulated by Herodotus (484-425 BC), a legendaryGreek historian. According to him, pyramids were constructed by anEgyptian leader (Pharaoh) who imposed hard and forced labor to hissubjects (Cunningham,2012).He further notes that a set of stairs were built at the base andstones were hoisted through the use of levers. These were made ofshort timbers which aided in the lifting of stones from one tier tothe next. The number of tiers corresponded with the number of levers.
Thetheory on the use of stairs and levers is more acceptable of the twotheories as blocks had to lever on and off the sleds in addition tothe use of ramps. Davidovits’ theory of limestone and polymericcement theory is well described but is too complicated, offers littleevidence and fails to explain the numerous tools that were discoveredby archaeologists. The fact that the pyramids’ quality diminishesover time, eliminates the acceptance of this theory as it purportedthe use of durable polymeric cement and Limestone.
Thoughthere exist various theories that seek to explain the existence ofthe great pyramids, there is no approved theory that stands superiorto the rest. Hence, the techniques of construction of thesehistorical features remain a mystery.
Cunningham,D. (2012). Giza Pyramids Reveal New Secret Hieroglyphs. Update.
Davidovits,J., & Morris, M. (1988). Thepyramids: An enigma solved.Hippocrene Books.
Matthews,S. (2012). Pyramidsof Giza.AV2 by Weigl.
Taylor,J. (2014). The Great Pyramid. Cambridge University Press.
Wilson,J. A. (2013). The culture of ancient Egypt. University of ChicagoPress.