Theabove image represents the concept of ecology in biogeography. Theimage shows the existence of the various bird species in thedifferent parts of the world. In biogeography, the reasons whyanimals inhabit the regions on earth are studied (Myersand Paul 49). Thestudy involves animals that are alive or dead. The image aboverepresents both historical and ecological biogeography. It shows thehistorical biogeography of the birds in terms of where theyoriginated and their dispersal over the given millions of years.
Inthe picture, the taxonomic classifications of the birds is alsoincluded. Some of the birds have many taxa while others have only onetaxon. As it appears the more the number of taxonomy classification,the higher the possibility of the species` survival across the years.For example, the Pomareainitiallyhad ten taxa, but five of them are extinct. The birds originated fromthe continental monarch but spread over the millions of years tooccupy the different parts of the world.
Theecological biogeography of the above image suggests that the birdsfound various parts of the world more suitable for their survival.Also, the different environmental factors such as climate and soilcomposition influence the presence of the various birds in the world.Some birds will thrive in dry and hot areas while others will do wellin wet and tropical regions. For example, the M.fraterand M.melanopsisexist in both New Guinea and Australia which have a similar tropicalclimate that is also hot and humid. The image is important because itexplains that the dispersal of the birds shows that they have movedfrom the area of origin and that is why they are spread across theregions. This dispersal also increases the range of a species leadingto a dissemination of the population (Myersand Paul 57).
Myers,Alan A., and Paul Giller, eds. Analyticalbiogeography: an integrated approach to the study of animal and plantdistributions.Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.