Reproductive Disorder Case Report

ReproductiveDisorder Case Report

ReproductiveDisorder Case Report

Thesymptoms that the 23-year-old lady has resemble those of PelvicInflammatory Disease (PID). It is a serious complication broughtabout by sexually transmitted infections (Brunhamet al., 2015).Diagnosis of PID is based on the analysis of the vaginal discharge,cervical cultures, pelvic exam and urine test results. Lab analysisdetermines the organism that is causing the infections.

Diagnostictests include Laparoscopy, which is conducted to identify anddiagnose the origins of the pelvic or the abdominal pain. Brunhamet al. (2015) provides that the physician inserts a thin instrumentthrough a minor incision in the abdomen to view the pelvic organs.Ultrasound is another diagnostic test used. It is an imagingtechnique. It uses high-frequency sounds waves to develop images ofthe patient’s body. It helps the doctors note the complicationswith the reproductive organs, tissues and the vessels without theneed to make an incision or employment of radiation. Another one isthe endometrial biopsy, which involves the removal of tissue from theuterus lining to help diagnose its abnormalities. The changes may bedue to hormone levels. It may also be done to search for the cause ofthe postmenopausal bleeding, evaluate fertility or test one’sresponse to hormone therapy.

Treatmentoption may include intravenous IV antibiotics. Brunhamet al. (2015) state that they assist in preventing seriouscomplications, but they cannot reverse the damage already caused.They are prescribed to patients after the lab results. The clientshave to come back after three days for further assessment. The doctoralso advises them to exercise temporary abstinence until treatment iscompleted. It is done to ensure that the infection has been clearedin all the partners. Surgery is rarely necessary though if an abscessruptures, the physician may drain it. It may also be performed tothose patients who do not respond to antibiotic treatment. The girlshould lessen the chances of contracting the STI’s by avoiding sex.She may also exercise safe sex by using a condom. Frequent screeningfor the STI’s may also assist in minimizing the effects of thedisease.

References

Brunham,R. C., Gottlieb, S. L., &amp Paavonen, J. (2015). Pelvicinflammatory disease. NEngl J Med,2015(372),2039-2048.