Research summary



Theresearch report aims at establishing an all-inclusive theory ofsocial change by conducting analytical research into the newly addedempirical evidence on how the three components of human developmentin a society link together. Earlier studies only focused onsocioeconomic development, effective democracy and risingemancipative values, which work in togetherness to influence humanchoice in different societies. The theory adopted has been provedthrough understanding the modern sources of information, wherebyWorld Values Survey evidence was considered vital. The theory isbased on what links socioeconomic development, emancipative valuesand effective democracy to manifest at the societal level and theirinfluence on human development. This research aims to answer the mainresearch question raised on what is the underlying factor affected byemancipative value changes, effective democracy and socioeconomicdevelopment. There is a systematic increase in factor loadings fromthe personal level within the states to the combined single level tothe aggregate level over the states. In addition, human developmentis not majorly influenced by cross–cultural variation it is ratheruniversal.

Theresearch concludes that the major factor underlining the componentsof human development is human choice. The report recommends that theempirical evidence should not overlook effective democracy andconcentrate only on individual sources and emancipative values as theonly shapers of human development. The information obtained and usedto analyze the results has limitations, earlier research donecompared to that obtained from the World Values Surveys has moresignificance a few errors are observed. The Vanhanen index ofindividual resources, freedom house to the Transparency Internationalcorruption estimates, all contain a measurable amount of estimatederror.


ChristianWelzel and Ronald lnglehart. &quotThe Theory of Human Development: aCross-Cultural Analysis,” European Journal of Political Research,v. 42 (2003). 341-79.