Sexual Assault

SEXUAL ASSAULT 2

SexualAssault

SexualAssault: Annotated Bibliography

Byers,A. (2016). Sexualassault and abuse

Thisarticle begins with defining sexual assault as the sexual act wherethe victim is physically coerced against his or her will to engagein sexual acts. The article then explores the various forms ofsexual abuse which include rape, incest, groping and child sexual abuse. Sexual threats also fall under this category. Inevery jurisdiction, sexual abuse is an offense under the statutorylaw. Each jurisdiction has their own legal definition of the sexualassault crime. Any form of unwelcome sexual advances, comments,actions, and request for favors, discrimination, or conducts ofsexual nature to unwilling and unconsenting individuals isconsidered sexual assault under the sexual violence criminal laws.Despite the various definitions and forms of sexual assault, one thing is always constant it is never the fault of the victim. Thisarticle is almost similar to Holcomb &amp Holcomb’s article sincethey both give a description of what sexual assault is. However,Holcomb &amp Holcomb go further to touch on child sexual assault.The article by Byers will help me in developing a training programfor criminal justice professionals by helping me define what sexualassault is and giving background information to the vice.

Holcomb,J. S., &amp Holcomb, L. A. (2011). Ridof my disgrace: Hope and healing for victims of sexual assault.Wheaton, IL: Crossway

Thearticle explores the various forms of sexual assault in depth. Itexplains child sexual abuse as a form of sexual violence where anolder adolescent or an adult abuses a child sexually. Child sexualabuse can be in the form of indecent exposure of private parts to a child, actual physical contact with a child in a sexual manner andchild pornography. Coercing a child to engage in sexual activitiesis also regarded as sexual violence against the child. The mostcommon form of sexual harassment is rape. It is rampant in all societies, and the terms “rape” and “sexual assault” arefrequently used interchangeably. The authors define rape as sexualintercourse by a person to a non-consenting victim. Most victims aremostly the females, although there few reported cases of male victims and female culprits. Gang rape is a prevalent form of violation,while attempted rape is also considered an offense in mostjurisdictions. Sexual harassment also involves the bullying,intimidation or coercion of any sexual nature. It includes obscenetelephone calls, leering, indecent exposure, sexist jokes, sexualdiscrimination, unwanted grabbing, soliciting for sex, pressurizingfor a date, unwelcome sexual comments, and display of explicitmaterials. The similarity between this article and Byers’ is thatthey both define and give types of sexual offense. However, thisarticle includes child sexual assault and provides a more detaileddescription of the sexual assault topic.

Nicol,J. (2016). and the Law: Where Do We Go from Here?

Inthis UMUC Library article, Nicol discusses how the law should treatthe issue of sexual assault drawing illustrations from the woman’sperspective since the legal verdict concerning Jian Ghomeshi, anassault victim, failed to give her proper justice. According to herarticle, experts and rights activists are advocating for reforms inthe judicial courts, attitudes in the society and more attention tothe plight of women who are sexual assault victims. Agencies dealingwith this cases need to respond to the matter with the urgency andseriousness that is required. The victims should be treated withconcern since they have not only undergone physical torture but alsomental and psychological torment. They should be given proper careand attention to aid in their recovery. The courts, on the otherhand, should ensure they analyze the case well to ensure the full weight of the issue is understood from the victims’ perspective.This will facilitate proper justice that will satisfy the victim andgive the full deserving sentence to the perpetrator. In contrast tothe first two sources, this article centers on the legal perspective of sexual assault. It focuses on how justice can be served to thesatisfaction of the victims. This article will be helpful in givingthe legal input to my training program.

Saigaonkar,P. L., &amp Dixit, P. G. (2016). Study of Accused of in Relation to its Socio-demographic Profile and its ClinicalFindings. IndianJournal of Forensic Medicine &amp Toxicology

Saigaonkarand Dixit explore the statistics behind sexual assault from a studyconducted involving 109 cases from October 2014 to September 2015.According to this study, 55% of the accused are between the ages21-30 years. As with their marital status, 67% were single, and 32%were married. Most cases (72%) involved victims who recognized theirassaulters. 78% of the victims reported the matter after 48 hours, and consequent examinations were hampered by the loss of clinicalevidence. Genital injuries were, however, rare and about 8% hadsuffered minor injuries. This study was aimed at finding thesocio-demographic profiles of the involved parties in sexual assaultoffenses. Saigaonkar &amp Dixie’s article is different from theother three in the sense that it provides a quantitative analysis ofthe sexual assault cases. The article will be useful in providing empirical data for the criminal justice professionals, identifyingloopholes and critical areas in the cases.

References

Byers,A. (2016). Sexualassault and abuse

Holcomb,J. S., &amp Holcomb, L. A. (2011). Ridof my disgrace: Hope and healing for victims of sexual assault.Wheaton, IL: Crossway

Nicol,J. (2016). and the Law: Where Do We Go from Here? UMUCLibrary

Saigaonkar,P. L., &amp Dixit, P. G. (2016). Study of Accused of in Relation to its Socio-demographic Profile and its ClinicalFindings. IndianJournal of Forensic Medicine &amp Toxicology