SKIN Skin

SKIN

Skin

Recommendationsfor skin examination

Thehuman skin plays a significant role in the body. The skin is theprotective barriers, shielding the body against the pathogens andphysical trauma, regulating body temperature, and sensitive inputsfrom the environment. Direct exposure to harsh environmentalconditions makes the skin prone to various diseases.

Regularskin examination either self or professional is crucial for healthyliving. Every individual should develop a culture of skin testing ona monthly basis. A new or changing lesion that might be cancerous ora chronic infection can be identified following this practice (Rigel,2011). Skin diseases can be recognized following their visibility andvariation. Learning the warning signs on the skin helpsdermatologists in early detection of skin cancer or disease for earlytreatment and prevention.

Populationsat increased risk of developing skin cancer

Onepopulation at an increased risk of developing skin cancer is theCaucasian people. Caucasians have a relative lack of skinpigmentation since they cannot tolerate high levels of solarradiations. Others include people with pale skin, blue eyes, lightcolored hair, history of severe sunburns, a family history of skincancer, and those with freckles (Lipsker, 2013).

Recommendationsregarding sun exposure

Theexposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays damages the skin causingcorneal burns, cataracts, and formation of skin cancer. Deeppenetration of ultraviolet rays destroys the immune system of theskin increasing the risk of skin cancer. Eighty percent of sunexposure in one’s lifetime occurs before the age of eighteen.Ultraviolet ray’s penetration into the skin can be prevented by theuse of sunscreen or sun blocks. Physical sunscreen: Sunblock reflectssuch as titanium oxide acts as a barrier to the ultraviolet raysscattering the rays. The chemical sunscreen absorbs the ultravioletrays they also reverse a damaged skin by the sun. For the geriatricpatients, due to their dry skin, moisturizers or selected screamshould be applied. Since their skin is effective on cooling, theyshould wear lightweight clothes and woolen clothing to cover theexposed surface (Schneider, 2012).

Sunscreensare supposed to be replaced yearly. When applying the sunscreen,cover all the exposed surfaces. To protect the pediatric patients,avoid sun exposure, and sunscreen creams should not be used oninfants below the age of six months. Use umbrellas or canopy hats toprotect them. Sunscreen sticks should be used to avoid sunscreengetting into the eyes. Avoiding ultraviolet rays between ten o’clockin the morning and four o’clock in the evening is also recommended.

References

Lipsker,D. (2013). Clinicalexamination and differential diagnosis of skin lesions.Paris: Springer-VerlagParis.

Rigel,D. S. (2011). Cancerof the Skin.St. Louis, Mo.: Elsevier/Saunders.

Schneider,K. A. (2012). Counselingabout cancer: Strategies for genetic counseling.Hoboken, N.J: Wiley-Blackwell.