Speaker notes Slide 2

Speakernotes

Slide2

VetoPower isthepower that is exercised exclusively by the five permanent members ofthe UNSC(United Nations Security Council) that include France ,China, United Kingdom, Russia and United States.

Vetopowers enable member state not to adopt substantive resolutions inmatters of great concern.

Duringthe post-Soviet era, Washington used its veto power scores of times,Russia only used eight “no” votes. Ahead of the UN’s 70thanniversary next month, US-installed Ukrainian fascists want Moscowstripped of its right to dissent during this month’s GeneralAssembly session.

Slide3

Vetopowers have been in existing since the year 1920, when the League ofNations was founded.

Decisionsof the Security Council on procedural matters are determined by anaffirmative vote of nine members.

Vetopower was included in the UN charter to prevent the United Nationfrom taking unnecessary action against any of its principles.

Slide4

Thefirst veto power was utilized by the Soviet Union (USSR) in Februarythe year 1946.

Todate the UN Security Council permanent members have cast their vetopower votes approximately 263 times.

SovietUnion was the only country to use its veto power more than any otherpermanent member.

Slide5

Theselfish use of veto power by permanent members has rapidly distancedthe UNSC agenda from the initial reason for which it was included inthe UN Charter, namely preventing the UN from taking direct actionagainst any of its principal founding members.

Eliminationof ideological divisions among the superpowers has led to the powerof veto been cast more sparingly.

Slide6

Vetopowers have faced a significant number of criticisms.

Criticsand politicians alike have criticized the UN Council for its smallsize and exclusive nature, its relations with the General Assembly,its working methods, and its undemocratic structure.

Themost criticism has been directed at the infamous “power of veto”,namely the ability of the five permanent members of the Council (USA,Russia, France, UK, and China) to quash any non-procedural matterwith their negative vote, irrespective of its level of internationalssupport.

Permanentmembers have been criticized for using their power of veto inaccordance with their national interests.

Undemocraticprivilege of the permanent five combined with other flaws of theCouncil led to several calls for reform.