The special cargo requiresextra care while handling, loading, and offloading to avoid damage orrotting in the case of perishable goods. Goods are classified asspecial cargo if they fall under any of the following categories.That is dangerous, heavy, fragile, perishable, live, valuable,magnetized materials and vulnerable goods. This paper will discussthe various ways through which dangerous, perishable, and liveanimals’ cargo are transported from one place to another.
Dangerous goods are substancesthat pose significant risks to the environment and health ofindividuals. The cargo is usually hazardous due to its physical andchemical feature. They include explosives, inflammable liquids,gasses, corrosives, radioactive materials, oxidant substances,poisonous substances, volatile solids, and mixed goods. Beforetransportation of dangerous goods, the consignor must first identifythat the cargo is indeed dangerous and classify hazardous materialinto the various individual classes. The materials must be packagedaccordingly to meet the airline specifications. The owner of thecargo must pay handling fees and make request for space reservationto the country of destination (Franz & Danciu, 2015).
For a consignor to accept liveanimal, they must assess its health conditions. Consequently, theanimals must be packed in a clean, leak and escape-free containerthat should be clearly be labelled as live animal. The container mustinclude food and other materials necessary for the animal.Reservation must be made for the animal in place of destination orthe following connecting airlines (Franz & Danciu, 2015). Theanimals should also be accompanied with its health documents andcertification documents that allow for its transportation.
Perishable goods such as meat,greens, frozen material, flowers and fruits are subject todecomposition and deterioration. The airline that transport suchgoods is not liable to any damage that could arise due to factorssuch as altitude, climate, and temperature. The shipment of suchgoods must have a pre-booking arrangement in their final destination.The consignor must identify and indicate any special handlingrequired on the airway bill. Apparently, an attention labelindicating that the products are perishable must be affixed to boththe packages and airway bill (Franz & Danciu, 2015).
Transportation of dangerous goodsis governed by the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations, in closecollaboration with the International Civil Aviation Organization(ICAO) technical instructions for safe transportation. Some of theseregulations are the accompaniment of dangerous goods with twoofficial documents, airway bill and a Shipper’s Declaration forDangerous Goods (DGD) (DGR 8.0.1) (Franz & Danciu, 2015).
Franz & Danciu (2015) notesthat transportation of live animals is guided by the TG’sRegulations and IATA’s Live Animals Regulations which depends onanimal and aircraft types, temperature, route and destination.Transportation of live animals requires air waybills (LAR 7.2),Shipper’s certification for live animals, and other relevantdocuments such as export permit and origin certificate.
The air waybills (PCR 7.1) forthe perishable cargo must be accurate and complete in all areas bycorrectly indicating the Shipper’s name, address, and the consigneename and addresses. It should also mention the handling procedureswithin the airlines in unambiguous codes so that all parties canunderstand. The quantity and nature of goods should be accuratelydescribed (Franz & Danciu, 2015).
Plane reviews for carrying anycargo include place of destination, paperwork such as air waybill,packaging, and payment. Apparently, the consignor must check whetherthe shipper has packed within the quantities and the materialsrecommended for such cargo. While transporting the cargo, airlinescan use either passenger, cargo, or combi aircraft. The choice ofaircraft depends mainly on the weight of the cargo and aircraftstructures (Franz & Danciu, 2015).
Franz, T., &Danciu, O. A. (2015). Analyzing the Effects of e-Freight within theAir Cargo Industry: A cross-sectional case study focusing on aircarriers and freight forwarders in the US and China.