SpecialTopics in Criminal Justice
SpecialTopics in Criminal Justice
Researchmethods in criminology are necessary to explain theories, testtheories or verify the effectiveness of a program or policy to asub-group of any population. There are different research methodsused by criminal researchers for various interests.
Define mean piece of research
Amean piece of research refers to useful or valuable outcomeinformation after carrying out research. Such information results innew knowledge in the field of criminology.
Assessing quality and value of criminal justice research
Assessingthe quality of research depends on the quality of design methods, thefindings listed and the general content of the research. A valuablecriminal justice research needs to have internal, external andconstruct validity [ CITATION Tew04 l 1033 ].Research that has been peer reviewed is a measure of high-qualityresearch. The content of the research should contain the key variableand concepts, population and method used to select the subjects inthe researchand the analytic tactics.
Importance of evaluating quality and value of research products
Evaluatingthe quality of research products is essential to have a relevant andaccurate research. High-quality research products lead to a moreaccurate and coherent research that is likely to be considered forfuture use. Evaluating research products reduces errors in theresearch [ CITATION Tew04 l 1033 ].
Value of research that has flaws
Mostof the flaws in criminal justice research are not due to falseinformation but the use of wrong research tools or small subjectsizes [ CITATION Tew04 l 1033 ].As such,this information may contain correct information explaining thetrends in the sector but have wrong statistics. It is, therefore, asource of information but requires more quantitative input.
1.What research does the chapter mention?
Criminalresearchers use both quantitative and qualitative research methods.The quantitative method relies on collecting statistics from variousstakeholders in the crime sector like law enforcement andcorrectional facilities. Qualitative methods may not heavily rely onstatistics but on getting the deeper knowledge of any aspect(Bachman, 2011).
2.Which plan will I use for my presentation?
Sincemy research is on the effectiveness of sex offender registrationprogram, qualitative research methods are more appropriate for mypresentation. The method gives depth to the understanding of crime,the justice system and criminals better than the detached statisticalanalysis of quantitative methods (Tewksbury,& 2004).The data collection and analysis of qualitative research methodsresults in valuable information as it focuses on defining the meaningand characteristics of people, events, experience, and interactionsthat are the center of criminology. Quantitative research methods arecommon in criminology to show trends in crime (Tewksbury,& 2004).
3.Why do you think it will be helpful for my particular project?
Formy research, the trends and numbers are already available fromprevious studies. A deeper understanding of these trends andstatistics require the use of qualitative methods of research. Thereare various ways to conduct qualitative data like interviews, focusgroups, analysis of media, observation of people and places as wellas immersion into the required setting. The different methods providea broad range of information that is necessary for my research and iseasy to carry out(Tewksbury, & 2004).
4.What kind of research will I conduct and how is it relevant to mytopic?
Thetype of research I will conduct is interviews, focus groups, andcontent analysis from the media.
Interviewswill be directed to police officers, community leaders and some ofthe registered sex offenders. As much as my research is based onqualitative methods, the interviews will be in the form ofclosed-ended questionnaires. The closed-ended questionnaire helps tolearn how the interviewee knows about the topic as well as give anexplanation for that knowledge in statistical format (Maxfield,& Babbie, 2014).The survey will differ for each group of stakeholders. While thecommunity would be the best judge of the effectiveness of theprogram, law enforcement will have better details on how theregistration program works. The sex offenders will be best suited toknow if the program is an effective correctional tool(Bryman, 2015).
Focusgroups may not have statistical information, but they enrich theresearch as the various stakeholders reflect on my research. Theadvantage of interest groups is that each member comments on thestatements of the other which may help to stimulate moreinterpretations of my research topic. Since they all have differentviews on the issue, I can get suggestions on how to improve theresearch as well as justify my future proposals(Jupp, & Jupp, 2012).
Researchin my selected area is not new and analyzing previous studies opens awealth of information. Published books and journals on the topic canbe accessed from libraries and on the internet. A systematic processin the content analysis has advantages like identifying trends fromprevious research, providing the vocabulary to use to convey amessage and offer a guide on how to contextualize different messagesin various forms of media(Bernard, & Bernard, 2012)
Inconclusion, even though quantitative research is highly used andpublished in criminology research, qualitative data offers betterinsight into the trends in the world of crime. The relationships madewith the various stakeholders are important for future studies.
Bachman,R. &. (2011). ThePractice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice.London: Pine Forge Press.
Bernard,H. R., & Bernard, H. R. (2012). Socialresearch methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches.Sage.
Bryman,A. (2015). Socialresearch methods.Oxford University press.
Jupp,V. R., & Jupp, V. (2012). Methodsof criminological research.Routledge.
Maxfield,M. G., & Babbie, E. R. (2014). Researchmethods for criminal justice and criminology.Nelson Education.
Tewksbury,R. &. (2004). Controversies in Criminal Justice Research. London:Routledge.