Task:Category number 1 Source number 3
ChemicalWarfare in World War One
GasAttackis largely a first-person historical narrative by Arthur Empey. Itacts as his autobiography. The author was an American who leftAmerica in the year 1914 to enlist in the British army. Empey uses afirst-person narrative to provide his perspective of the First WorldWar Events concerning chemical warfare (“Gas Attack”). Thepersonal account by Arthur Empey is an extract from his 1917 book,Overthe Top (Empey187-192). Also, the article features excerpts from Allan Lloyd’sbook called TheWar in The Trenches.Allan’s text differs from Empey’s since he offers a third- personaccount of the events during the war (Lloyd 20).
Thescript begins by giving the reader an overview of the technologicaladvancements during World War One. It highlights the use andimplications of gasses such as chlorine and phosphine during the war.After the introduction, Empey gives his personal account of what itwas like to be under the constant barrage of attacks from the Germans(“Gas Attack”). He recounts one moment before a gas attack whenhe and his comrades had to scramble to wear very uncomfortable gasmasks. Empey remembers seeing one man gasping for air beforesuccumbing to a horrible death. A similar fate befell animals such asdogs and rats that were in the vicinity. Shortly after the gasattack, the Germans advanced, and Empey was shot. He passed outbefore waking up hours later to find his comrades spraying thetrenches with chemicals to neutralize the toxic gasses (Empey187-192)
GasAttackprovides the reader with a first-person account of what it felt liketo be in the frontline fighting the Germans and being assaulted bytoxic gasses. The author has the luxury and freedom to expresshimself and to provide a vivid description of the occurrences (Empey187-192). In Patternsof World History,the authors talk about the sluggish trench warfare that pits theGermans against the British and the French. However, the authors donot have the same vivid descriptions. Instead, they state that, “By1915, the two sides were forced to conduct grinding trench warfare inNortheastern France.” Further, John Green’s YouTube video channelCrash Course makes use of animations but cannot achieve the samelevel of a personalized narrative similar to Empey’s article(Sivers et al. 979 “Archdukes,Cynicism, and World War I: Crash Course World History #36”).
Archdukes,Cynicism, and World War I: Crash Course World History #36.Perf. John Green. CrashCourse, 2012. YouTube.Web. 9 Nov. 2016.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_XPZQ0LAlR4&feature=youtu.be
Empey,Arthur G. "overthe Top": Together with Tommy`s Dictionary of the Trenches.New York: G.P. Putnam`s Sons, 1917. Print.
"GasAttack". Eyewitnesstohistory.com.N.p., 1999. Web. 8 Nov. 2016.
Lloyd,Alan. TheWar in the Trenches.New York: D. McKay Co, 1976. Print.
VonSivers P, Charles Desnoyers, and George B. Stow. Patternsof World History., 2015. Print.