The African-American Civil Rights Movements

TheAfrican-American Civil Rights Movements

TheAfrican-American Civil Rights Movements

Carson,Clayborne, Charles R. Branham, Ralph David Fertig, and MyrlieEvers-Williams. CivilRights Chronicle The African-American Struggle for Freedom.Lincolnwood,Ill: Legacy, 2003.

Thebook provides the basic history and an in-depth commentary of theevents that led to the infamous African-American uprising. Itretraces the events of the 1960’s when slavery was rife in thesouthern part of America and also the time when the movement startedunder the banner of pursuing equality and fair treatment of theAfrican-Americans within the U.S. The source elaborates on thespecific campaigns of civil resistance that were associated with themovement and also the organizations and personalities that weresupporting the activities of the African-American movement. The textwill be significant in providing information necessary for theliterature review.

Crosby,Emilye. CivilRights History from the Ground Up: Local Struggles, a NationalMovement.Athens, Ga: University of Georgia Press, 2011.

Crosbyintroduces the reader to the events before the realization of theAfrican-American movement. Here, the oppressive acts like theNaturalization Act of 1790 that restricted the American citizens towhites are introduced. The introduction of the law mentioned aboveled to the dis-entrancement of the blacks in the United States. Thisconnection is essential to understanding why the African-Americanswere fiercely pushing for changes in the United States law duringthis era of racial segregation. The source also narrates how theAfrican-American movement spontaneously transformed into civil rightsmovement.

Donaldson,Gary. TheSecond Reconstruction: A History of the Modern Civil Rights Movement.Malabar, Fla: Krieger, 2000.

Thissource takes the reader through the history of African-Americanmovement and highlights how its success changed the landscape andintensity of other movements in the U.S and other parts of the world.Through the source, we could also trace how the past successes ofother movements like Anti-Asian Agitation in San Francisco that hadexisted in the American society influenced the subsequent uprisings.Anti-Asian Agitation was an economic movement against the Asians bythe natives who blamed them for the economic depression that waswitnessed in San Francisco.

Lewis,David L., and Charles W. Eagles. The Civil Rights Movement inAmerica: Essays. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1986.&lthttp://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=866919&gt.

Thistext also contains a detailed account of the history of civil rightmovements in America right from the time of economic depressions tothe era of civil right movement. However, its primary focus is basedon the latter. It also highlights the events that preceded theachievement of civil rights movements in the United States as well asthe challenges that hindered the transformation. Lastly, the journalillustrates how the integration of the African-Americans took placeand the changes that it rippled socially and politically.

Marwick,Arthur. TheSixties: Cultural Revolution in Britain, France, Italy, and theUnited States, C.1958-C.1974.London: Bloomsbury Reader, 2012.

Marwickdoes an analysis of other major revolutions that occurred indifferent countries in Europe and United States and highlights thesimilarities present in them. For instance, he is able to point outhow the fall of the French Empire ignited a series of revolutionsthat were witnessed in the United States and other places. This bookalso helps us understand how culture played a key role in the wavesof revolutions that were witnessed.

Roberts,Gene, and Hank Klibanoff. The Race Beat: The Press, the Civil RightsStruggle, and the Awakening of a Nation. New York: Vintage Books,2007.&lthttp://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&ampscope=site&ampdb=nlebk&ampdb=nlabk&ampAN=724205&gt

LikeAfrican-American Struggle for Freedom, this book also contains anaccount of the events that led to the formation of civil rightmovement in the U.S. Moreover, it shows the role of differententities like press during the agitations. The source suggests thattelevision news coverage of the activities of the African-AmericanMovement help highlight the violence and indignities that the blackswere subjected to. This coverage played a key role in catalyzing thetransformation of the United States social environment.

Sargent,Frederic O. The Civil Rights Revolution: Events and Leaders,1955-1968. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland &amp Co, 2004.&lthttp://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=1996586&gt.

Thissource also has a strong account of events that happenedfrom1955-1968 when civil rights movement campaigns were rife. Thecampaigns necessitated a dialogue between the civil groups and thegovernment. This text further informs the background of the research.

Willbern,David. The American Popular Novel After World War II: A Study of 25Best Sellers, 1947-2000. Jefferson: McFarland &amp Company, Inc.,Publishers, 2013.&lthttp://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=1160565&gt.

Thisnovel is an embodiment of insight analysis of the events and societalchanges that occurred that preceded the World War 2. It shows how theeconomic depression that was witnessed post the war helped in thefacilitation of the integration of African-American in the society.The novel also illustrates how the economic gap that preceded thiswar up-scaled the position of the blacks in the society by gettingemployment in the local industries and institutions of learning whichhad previously been a reserve of the whites.

Gates,Henry Louis. Life upon These Shores: Looking at African AmericanHistory, 1513-2008. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2011.

Thisbook takes the reader back to the time when slavery started and howthe white masters propagated the racist stereotype. It alsoillustrates the role that was played by African-Americans during thetime when the United States was seeking independence from theBritish. The text will provide insight into the subject of study.

Faust,Drew Gilpin. This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American CivilWar. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.

Here,Faust highlights how the African-Americans were subjected toill-treatments and how this kind of subjection helped them tocoalesce and fight for their rights successfully. The bookextensively portrays the state of the social landscape before thecivil rights movement’s activities had gained momentum. Theserevelations are essentially in understanding the reasons why theuprising was necessary.

CivilRights and the Promise of Equality: Photographs from the NationalMuseum of African American History and Culture.

Thissource contains graphic accounts of the state of United StatesRacial segregation, mob racial violence, and disenfranchisements thatexisted in the United States. These pictorial aids contribute to theunderstanding the source of African-Americans uprising. Through thepictures, one can mentally picture out the social environment thatexisted in the United States and also identify the personalities thatspearheaded the uprising. Pictures of Hamilton Houston, Martin LutherKing, and Theodore Roosevelt among others feature in this source.

Langley,Lester D. The Americas in the Age of Revolution, 1750-1850. NewHaven, CT: Yale University Press, 1996.

Thissource also highlights the events that transpired during 1750-1850, aperiod that was fondly referred to as the age of revolution inAmerica. This is the period that saw America receive many Africanslaves. The book reveals the inferiority mentality that had beenimparted to the blacks during this time. This stereotyping tendencywould later fuel their agitations against their white counterpartsand hence necessitating the formation of African-American Movement.

&quotTheCivil Rights Movement: 1919-1960s, Freedom`s Story, TeacherServe®,National Humanities Center.&quot The Civil Rights Movement:1919-1960s, Freedom`s Story, TeacherServe®, National HumanitiesCenter. Accessed October 26, 2016.http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1917beyond/essays/crm.htm.

Thissite is equally replete with the information and the developmentsthat necessitated the uprising. It also has in-depth accounts of thesocietal changes that occurred during the uprisings. It is vital tothe understanding of the research topic. Fundamentally, this sourcecontains details relating to the 1954 events in the Supreme Court’sverdict in the case pitting Brown and the Board of Education inAmerica of America where segregated education system was abolished.

Ward,Brian, and Anthony J. Badger. The Making of Martin Luther King andthe Civil Rights Movement. Washington Square, NY: New York UniversityPress, 1996.

Thisbook majorly focuses on the leading personalities that were able togalvanize the support of other African-Americans towards pushing foran all-inclusive America. In specific, the book highlights the roleof fierce activists like Martin Luther King. The latter was a famousadvocate for nonviolent social change and a lyrical campaigneragainst the then oppressive United States regime. The book furtherillustrates his Luther King used his exceptional oratory skills andpersonal courage to lead a boycott against Montenegro transportationcompany. The company had a regulation that compelled theAfrican-Americans to surrender their seats to the whites. Even afterhis brief arrest in 1955, he would proceed with his activism byorganizing demonstrations, rallies and writing pro-African works.

Wert,Justin J. Habeas Corpus in America: The Politics of IndividualRights. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 2011.

Thesource highlights exciting events that saw the African-Americans geta boost in their struggles. It started with the events of 1901 whenthe then President Theodore Roosevelt requested Booker T Washingtonto attend a state dinner in the Whitehouse. Washington used theopportunity to advocate for the appointment of many Africans tofederal posts in the South.

(COR),Time Magazine. Civil Rights in America: How the Movement of the 1960sCreated a New Nation. Little Brown &amp, 2014.

Thissource contains the legislative lobbying, litigations, and masseducations that the leaders of the African-American movement had tofacilitate to express their agitations to the society and thegovernment of the day. Besides, the books analyze the transitionperiod that preceded the happenings of 1960 after the implementationsof the gains that came about after the infamous uprising. However,the scope of this book is not only restricted to the United Statessetting but also how the success of the Africa-American movementchanged the course of the war against racial segregation all over theworld.

Field,Ron. Civil Rights in America: 1865-1980. Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press, 2002.

Thissource takes us through the events that preceded the civil war whenthree constitutional amendments were passed to end the slavery. Italso reveals how the fourteenth constitutional amendment resulted inan influx of population of the African-Americans. Just like TheAmericas Age of Revolution, this source also contains a detailedaccount of the activities that transpired in the United States rightfrom slavery period through to the time when the uprising begun.

History.comStaff. &quotCivil Rights Movement.&quot History.com. 2009. AccessedOctober 26, 2016.http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-movement.

Thissite contains information pertaining to how the United Statesunderwent turbulent times during the infamous reconstruction eraafter the fifteenth amendment act that granted African-Americansright to vote. This law is regarded as an act that provided asignificant breakthrough for the activists and was pivotal inincreasing the momentum of the activities of the movement.Subsequently, the abolishment of the Naturalization Act would triggera mass repeal of other Acts that were considered repressive to theblacks.

Riches,William Terence Martin. The Civil Rights Movement: Struggle andResistance. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan,2010.

Thisbook also highlights the events surrounding the African-Americanstruggles and how their white counterparts resisted the socialchanges that they were demanding. In an important note, the bookintroduces us to other insurgent movements like Ku Klux Klan whosemembers attacked Republican adherents to maintain the whitesupremacy. Apart from that, it also contains the activities ofactivists as Charles Hamilton Houston whose loathe for the depressionera saw him conduct a survey of the American Society and thepresiding powers that endorsed division of the black workers fromtheir white counterparts. Hamilton had a belief that racialvictimization was so pervasive to be addressed by any direct actionsapart from the courts of law.

Bibliography

Carson,Clayborne, Charles R. Branham, Ralph David Fertig, and MyrlieEvers-Williams. Civil Rights Chronicle The African-American Strugglefor Freedom. Lincolnwood, Ill: Legacy, 2003.

Crosby,Emilye. Civil Rights History from the Ground Up: Local Struggles, aNational Movement. Athens, Ga: University of Georgia Press, 2011.

Crosby,Emilye. Civil Rights History from the Ground Up: Local Struggles, aNational Movement. Athens, Ga: University of Georgia Press,2011.Donaldson, Gary. The Second Reconstruction: A History of theModern Civil Rights Movement. Malabar, Fla: Krieger, 2000.

Lewis,David L., and Charles W. Eagles. The Civil Rights Movement inAmerica: Essays. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1986.&lthttp://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=866919&gt.

Marwick,Arthur. The Sixties: Cultural Revolution in Britain, France, Italy,and the United States, C.1958-C.1974. London: Bloomsbury Reader,2012.

Roberts,Gene, and Hank Klibanoff. The Race Beat: The Press, the Civil RightsStruggle, and the Awakening of a Nation. New York: Vintage Books,2007.&lthttp://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&ampscope=site&ampdb=nlebk&ampdb=nlabk&ampAN=724205&gt.

Sargent,Frederic O. The Civil Rights Revolution: Events and Leaders,1955-1968. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland &amp Co, 2004.&lthttp://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=1996586&gt.

Willbern,David. The American Popular Novel After World War II: A Study of 25Best Sellers, 1947-2000. Jefferson: McFarland &amp Company, Inc.,Publishers, 2013.&lthttp://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=1160565&gt.

Gates,Henry Louis. Life upon These Shores: Looking at African AmericanHistory, 1513-2008. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2011.

Faust,Drew Gilpin. This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American CivilWar. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.

CivilRights and the Promise of Equality: Photographs from the NationalMuseum of African American History and Culture.

Langley,Lester D. The Americas in the Age of Revolution, 1750-1850. NewHaven, CT: Yale University Press, 1996.

&quotTheCivil Rights Movement: 1919-1960s, Freedom`s Story, TeacherServe®,National Humanities Center.&quot The Civil Rights Movement:1919-1960s, Freedom`s Story, TeacherServe®, National HumanitiesCenter. Accessed October 26, 2016.http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1917beyond/essays/crm.htm.

Ward,Brian, and Anthony J. Badger. The Making of Martin Luther King andthe Civil Rights Movement. Washington Square, NY: New York UniversityPress, 1996.

Wert,Justin J. Habeas Corpus in America: The Politics of IndividualRights. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 2011.

(COR),Time Magazine. Civil Rights in America: How the Movement of the 1960sCreated a New Nation. Little Brown &amp, 2014.

Field,Ron. Civil Rights in America: 1865-1980. Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press, 2002.

History.comStaff. &quotCivil Rights Movement.&quot History.com. 2009. AccessedOctober 26, 2016.http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-movement.

Riches,William Terence Martin. The Civil Rights Movement: Struggle andResistance. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan,2010.