The occupations that individuals pursue vary depending on one’stalents, income, and passion. However, in most circumstances, theydebate on whether their career path is a profession or not. Forinstance, some people believe that the army is an organization whileothers argue that is a profession. The different viewpointscontribute to the analysis of the military to enhance individual’sunderstanding of whether it is indeed a job or an organization. Byusing the Army White Paper, I seek to explain why I believe the Armyis a profession by focusing on the criteria of becoming a soldier anddetermining what it means to be a member of an occupation.
According to Davis & Peterson (2013), the definition of aprofession focuses on the expertise, training, ethics, and themotivation. The Army is a profession because the soldiers acquire theskills to provide national defense and security to the citizens. Aprofession can also be defined based on the training a personreceives. The soldiers undergo years of study and intensive trainingbefore they are considered fully qualified for their duties. Theprofessionals acquire the necessary expertise needed to provide thelevel of security that a nation desires. The term is also understoodbased on the ability to practice ethics. The soldiers operate underthe guidance of ethical principles and standards as it allows them tohave self-control and gain trust from the people. The last definitionfocuses on motivation. The army motivates their employees throughextrinsic and intrinsic rewards just like other careers. However,their leaders focus more on the personal factors such as thehonorable status one acquires, the inspiration, the privilege toserve the country as they make the occupation more of a calling.Since the army satisfies the definition of a profession, it impliesthat it is indeed one.
The criteria for joining the army needs the interested individuals tomeet the minimum age, citizenship, academic, physical and legalrequirements. These essentials indicate that the military is indeed aprofession as it only recruits those people that are qualified. Mostof the interested candidates may meet the minimum qualifications, butonly few manage to graduate as professionals (Davis & Peterson,2013). Just like in other occupations where the students face variouschallenges when evaluating their ability, only those who excel,graduate as professionals. The education and training courses thatthe soldiers undergo enable the seniors to determine their commitmentand ability to fulfill their responsibilities. Hence, the testsadministered at each level, only allow those who pass to continuewith the training. The criteria allow the soldiers to learn and growin their fields of expertise and eventually become professionals whocan provide the needed level of national security.
Being a member of a profession can also enhance our understanding ofwhy the army is an occupation. Davis & Peterson (2013), statesthat professionalism entails bonding with comrades and sharingidentity and cultures. It also involves becoming an expert and acertified individual who can apply the right morals during combatoperations. They also get to defend the constitution of the countryas well as the rights and interests of the citizens while servingunder the civilian authority. A member of the profession also meansadvocating for the future of the Army occupation. All these differentactivities indicate that an army is indeed a career since as amember, one get to serve his country honorably.
In conclusion, it is appropriate to argue that the Army is aprofession since the soldiers are experts they undergo intensivetraining, practice ethics, and are motivated to work. They also haveto meet specific criteria of qualifications and abide by theparticular conditions of membership such as having a common identityand defending the laws of the country. Therefore, the Army is aprofession.
Davis, G. B., & Peterson, J. D. (2013). America`s Army-OurProfession. Military Review, 93(1), 43-48.