THE BIRTH OF PHOTOGRAPHY

ART HISTORY 1

THEBIRTH OF PHOTOGRAPHY

TheBirth of Photography

Unlike now when people can take photographs with Smartphone andcameras, photography in the nineteenth century was different andcould easily be termed ‘primitive’ if rated by the modernstandards. Up until the nineteen century, artists used a ‘cameraobscura’ which meant the dark room in Latin. At this point, JosephNicephore Niepce, a Frenchman, invented a surface that was responsiveto light. This invention was the dawn of photography. The evolutionof photography has predominantly been in three areas speed,resolution, and durability.

Afirst of their kind, Niepce’s photographs had several challenges.The images became blurry and some even lost due to subjection tolight [ CITATION DrR16 l 1033 ]. However, this was resolved in 1839when a compound that retained the light was invented. The same year,Louis Daguerre fabricated the daguerreotype, which enhanced resultsand decreased subjection time significantly while it generated onlyone picture.

In1841, Englishman Henry Fox Talbot made photography better with hiscalotype method [ CITATION DrR16 l 1033 ]. The calotype entailed thegeneration of a picture from a paper negative enabling production ofduplicates of an image. The collodion method was then devised. Thisis whereby, a material was fastened onto a glass panel, and thisprovided for a brief subjection time.

Technological progress made photography less tasking in that by1867, the creation of a dry glass plate meant the culmination of thecollodion method [ CITATION DrR16 l 1033 ]. Improvements wereconstantly made and in 1878, the subjection time reduced to2.4microseconds. This advancement allowed for photography of movingobjects. Edward Maybridge’s work called Galloping Horse inthe year 1878 is a great celebration of this particular milestone [ CITATION DrR16 l 1033 ].In 1888, George Eastman made it simple to move film with the drygelatin tube. He also produced the first compact and affordablecamera that made the technology more obtainable by people.

Reference

Easby., J. R. (n.d.). Early Photography: Niépce, Talbot, and Muybridge. Retrieved November 13, 2016, from Khan Academy website:

https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/becoming-modern/early-photography/a/early-photography-nipce-talbot-and-muybridge