Globalhealth is a concern in many countries. Some countries have weakhealthcare systems that can cannot adequately serve their citizens.Apart from that, other nations, especially the underdeveloped lackenough equipment to cater for all kinds of ailments. Furthermore, theavailable care is expensive and only few citizens can access it. Inthe underdeveloped nations, proper care is given in privatefacilities that are not affordable to all the citizens. As such, thispaper will look to address the global health regarding its ethicaland legal aspects.
Dueto the accessibility concerns, some people wonder whether health careis a human right. Evidently, all persons are entitled to excellenthealth services. Every single person is entitled to attaining thehighest possible state of mental and physical health. Thisencompasses the right to access every attainable medical service,adequate food, healthy working environment, proper housing, cleanenvironment and proper sanitary conditions. Therefore, the right toproper healthcare is mandatory to every citizen. It requires that allindividuals must have accessibility to health facilities and servicessuch as clinics, hospitals, and medicine. In addition to that,individuals must be able to access quality doctor services. Theservices are provided on an equal basis to all individuals regardlessof the differences [ CITATION Wor15 l 1033 ].
Itis imperative to realize that human healthcare services are not aluxury but a fundamental right to all people. To reflect theimportance of human healthcare as a basic right, the World HealthOrganization (WHO) has tasked governments to ensure that all itscitizens can access affordable if not free quality health services.Every person whether rich or poor is entitled to receiving the bestpossible health service. Since health care is an expensiveundertaking to be left upon individuals who mostly struggle to meettheir financial needs, governments have been empowered to provide theaffordable quality medical services [ CITATION Wor15 l 1033 ].
Asillustrated above, the body tasked with ensuring global health is theWHO. It is an agency of the United Nations that was found on April7th, 1948 and is currently headquartered in Geneva. The bodyspecializes in creating international standards that are related topublic health. It also ensures humans across the globe have access tothe related standards of health and the respective services. Theobjective of the agency is to create a healthier and better futurefor all people worldwide. It works collaboratively with thegovernments and related partners to fight diseases. In addition tothat, the body ensures proper air quality, safe water and foods. Itis also concerned with proper medication and vaccines. The body alsotargets to reduce the rates of premature deaths arising from thenon-communicable ailments such as diabetes, respiratory diseases,cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Thus, it provides the necessaryleadership with regards to the global health matters [ CITATION Wor15 l 1033 ].
Challengesto Universal Health
Eventhough the body strives to achieve equity in terms of global health,it encounters various difficulties. Chief among them are thefinances. Finances have often been a challenge in ensuring universalhealth care. To achieve the target, it requires a lot of financialcommitment by the various governments, which is a challenge primarilyto the developing countries. The cost of medicine is another keychallenge. The prices are continuously increasing to the disadvantagepoor individuals. For instance, the prices for chronic diseases arequite high and underdeveloped countries find difficulties to affordthem. The goal of achieving the universal health care coverage is achallenge not only to the emerging countries but also to the rich anddeveloped nations that calls for reforms in the health workforces [ CITATION Wor15 l 1033 ].
Globalhealth is in an intricate aspect that requires attention. Evidently,health is the chief concern for many people. It cannot be regarded asa luxury. Instead, it is a human right that should be accorded toindividuals across the globe with equity. Seven with the efforts fromthe WHO, it still remains a concern. The body strives to propeluniversal health but faces challenges such as prices of medicines andfinances. Therefore, every person has a role to play when it comes tochampioning universal health care.
World Health Organization. Health and human rights. December 2015. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs323/en/ (accessed October 31, 2016).