Thestudy of the New Testament is an important basic concept towardsunderstanding Christianity as a religion and the work of JesusChrist. Through the study, one is able to have comprehensiveknowledge about the important events that occurred nearly twothousand years ago. In addition, it provides an opportunity for thelearner to make conclusion whether to follow Jesus teachings or not.This paper will discuss some tittle and names given to Jesus in theNew Testament. It will also cover factors that contributed to spreadof Christianity during the early church and the significance of theJohaninne literature. Lastly, it will talk about the meaning of theGod the Son as mentioned in the New Testament. There are many keythings found within the New Testament. Through these books, we cometo personally interact with Jesus, his apostles and the Christians ofearly time.
Titlesand Names Given to Jesus in the New Testament
Inthe New Testament, Jesus is identified using different names andtitles. These names include Emanuel, Jesus, and Word among manyothers. The titles used to refer Jesus includes Christ/Messiah andLord. Emanuel—the name is only found in the Gospel of Mathew—.Emanuel means God with us. ‘Behold, the virgin shall be with childand shall bear a son, and they shall call His name Emmanuel’(meaning God with us).” Mathew 1:23. ThenameJesus is found in the Gospel of Mathew and Luke. In Luke 1:31, theangel of God tells Mary to name the child in her womb Jesus while inMathew 1:21, through a vision an angel tells Joseph to name his childJesus. The name Jesus in Hebrew is Yeshua (Joshua), which the Greektranslates to Iesous(or Ιησους),the Latin translation which is iesus(isderived from Greek translation) and the English translation‘’Jesus’’. The name Jesus/Joshua means ‘’God Saves’’(Mathew 1:21). Jesus in Greek is the same as Joshua in Hebrew(Numbers 13: 16), meaning ‘’Jehovah the Savior.’’ Thus Jesus,in addition to being man he is also Jehovah. The man called HimEmanuel while Jesus was the Name given to Him by God. ‘’Jesus theSavior is God with us. He is God, and He is also God incarnated todwell among us. He is not only God but God with us.” John 1:14.
The“Word” another name of the Lord Jesus. It is found in John 1:1-4. ‘’ In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God,and the Word was God. 2Hewas with God in the beginning. 3Throughhim all things were made without Him, nothing was made that has beenmade. 4Inhim was life, and that life was the light of all mankind.“ (John1:1-4)
Itimplies that the word, who was, in the beginning, was with God andwithout Jesus as the Word God would be an unknowable and mystery.Through the word, all creation turned into being and in the word cameout life, and the life became the light of men.
Tittlesgiven to Jesus include Messiah/ Christ and Lord. The nameMessiah/Christ is initially mentioned in Mathew 1:1. Christ is aGreek word meaning Messiah. Christ means the one appointed by Jehovahto carry out His internal mission, the anointed one. Messiah andChrist both means the anointed one. Jesus was inimitably commissionedby Yahweh to accomplish His will by being crucified, his death,resurrection, ascension, and His second coming. Another tittle givento Jesus is Lord. It was originally a title given to superiorindividuals, therefore, in simple terms, in means ‘’Master’’or ‘’Sir.“ KYRIOs, a Greek word is very common ( 107 Acts 18Mk 80 Mt 274 Paul 52 Jn 104 Lk totaling to 717 times) withdifferent meanings at times refers to humans or God, but usually toJesus ( both senses are shared in Acts 2:34 Luke 20:43 Matt 22:44Mark 12:36). Some individuals especially. In Pauline letters, heestablishes the different theological consequences of the Kyrios/Lordconcept among first Christians and stressed on the Jesus attributesas both eschatological victory and divine image. Some peopleespecially foreigners could call Jesus Kyrie just as a sign ofrespect (John 4:11 Mark 7:28—‘’Sir’’), while his disciplesin most cases referred to him as ‘’Master.’’ In the lasttext, Calling Him ‘’Lord’’ as an assertion of Jesus’ divineor Messianic status (Phil 2:11 and Acts 2:34). In Paul, ‘’ theLord’’ is in the most case used a substitute for the name ofJesus.
Thetitles and name have helped to describe the Jesus character is anextraordinary being with many different qualities and attributes.Being Master, saviors, the word, etc. implies that Jesus is distinctand indeed the Son of Living God.
Factorsthat promoted the spread of Gospel by early Christian within theRoman Kingdom
Inthe New Testament, it is also evident that the Gospel was able tospread in the Roman Empire because of a number of factors. TheTranquility of the Roman Empire enable the Gospel to spread easily.The ability of the strong Roman Army within the Kingdom implies thatthe Gospel could spread fast, everywhere without any hindranceassociated with war. Easy travels was also a factor the promoted thespread of Christianity by early Christians. The advancement intechnology within the Roman Kingdom enable the empire to buildreliable road systems through its empire. Early missionaries such asPaul, the apostle exploited these roads in their efforts to spreadChristianity and establishing new churches across the Roman Kingdom.These good roads within the Kingdom allowed for smooth travel andmovement of Christians, and the accessibility promoted new ideas toquickly spread in the whole of the Mediterranean world.
Inaddition, the Roman Empire a common language for communication. Theworld of Mediterranean had two common languages, Greek in the Eastand Latin to the west. However, the trade language was Greek. It wasthe same language employed to write the New Testament. Therefore,spreading of the Gospel was made easier across the empire because thelanguage barrier, which is an obstacle to communication, wasnon-existent (Gemes & Richardson, 2013). The conversation ofConstantine largely contributed to the massive spread of Christianitysince he converted Christianity to become the religion of the States,thus eliminating any resistance that could have risen from theanti-Christ group. He used his government resources to easily spreadthe Gospel. Social networks, the life of early Christians, caring forone another, helping the needy, all contributed to many peoplejoining the religion.
Significance of Johannine Literature
Inthe New Testament, we find Johannine literature. The Johannineliterature comprises the Gospel of John, and the letters of John (1John, 2 John, and 3 johns). The literature jointly reveals toscholars some useful facts regarding the early Christianity in thesecond century (Gundry, 2012). The books are called `Johannine`simply because they are traditionally linked to Apostle John, eventhough they were written incognito. According to Modern Scholars ofthe New Testament, the author of the Gospel of John was not aneyewitness to the portrayed events (Gundry, 2012). The John Gospelis the only Gospel that calls Christ as divine as well aspre-existing. This is a key development thus making the Lord Jesusmuch beyond a human God’s Son conceived by the Holy Spirit from theVirgin Mary.
Thefirst letter of John specifically allows scholars to the divisionthat took place in the `Johannine` community shortly following thewriting of the gospel. The author’s intention was to charge hisantagonist with being sinners—1 John 1:8-10—however since hisnovel salvation doctrine (soteriology) was all about forgiveness andsin, the topic could probably rebind. The author intention was not tooffer his antagonists the forgiveness promise. This made it criticalto engage some logical causality about sins for which forgivenesscould be possible instead of those for which it was not possible (1John 3: 4-10, 2:1-2). The 3 and 2 John have the same letter format,and both describes the author as ‘’ the elder’’ or‘’Presbyter’’. 1 John and 2 John have similar content whichlacks letter format. Even though the author of John 1 is anonymous,virtually scholars that the elder wrote all the three.
Theimportance of the God the Son as mentioned in the New Testament
TheNew Testament explicitly and unambiguously in explaining the factthat Jesus receives the same worship offered to the true Living God(Gundry, 2012). That is why it asserts Jesus as the God the Son. Godis three in one God the Father, God the Son, and God the HolySpirit. Contrary to the views of the cultists and skeptics, Jesusdoes not just receive obeisance or homage in a similar way that Saulor David did however, is given the much praise, glory, honor, andworship, which Almighty God alone deserves. The doxologies, prayers,worship, are given to Jesus together with the fact that Jesus isconsidered a joint bestower and possessor of blessings and gracealong with God reveal beyond reasonable doubt that the New Testamentwriters clearly believed and preached that Jesus is God in anabsolute sense.
Thesignificance of stressing that Jesus is God the Son implies thatJesus is God Himself. God is always one in Trinity. 1 Cor 8:4 ‘’There is no God but one). After the Baptism of Jesus, a voice camefrom heaven saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I amwell-pleased." (Matt. 3:16-17). In John 10:30, Jesus said: “Iand the Father are one.” In John 14: 9 Jesus says, “He who hasseen Me has seen the Father” This clearly shows that Jesus Himselfis part of the Trinity.
Inconclusion, studying the New Testament offers an individual anopportunity to learn more about a history that occurred in over twothousand years ago. In the end of the study, one is able tounderstand fully the religion of Christian, Jesus Christ, hisapostles and disciples as well as the life of early Christians.
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