TheSecond Confiscation Act
Thepassing of the Second Confiscation Act was done in 1862. It directedthat any Confederate official, civilian or military, who had notsurrendered within two months of the passage of this Act, theirslaves would be freed in criminal proceedings. Mompremierstates that itwas virtually an emancipation proclamation, and it was onlyenforceable in regions where the Union Army lived (163). Lincoln, wasworried about the effects of the antislavery measures on the statesbordering the country. He urged their authorities to initiate agradual compensated emancipation. The measures introduced in the Actwere, for instance, the Captured and Abandoned Property Acts. Itdirected the Union Army to dispossess any rebellious person whosupported the South. The Confiscation Act was the other one. Themeasure applied to the Union adherent and stated that the capturedcaptive slaves should not be returned to their owners after the warinstead be forfeited to the Union Army.
Thedifference between the two was that the first one was not an explicitfreedom statute. It focused on the weapons whereby a directive wasissued to seize them from the citizens who had an intention to rebel(Mompremier163).They were to be retrieved from the battlefields so that therebellious persons would not access them. The second Confiscation Actconcentrates much on persons who were rebellious and the slaves.
Thestatute did not take any step. It just went further in fightingtreason. Recently, it owed much to the attention as well as declininginterest of the Republicans in the U.S Congress(Mompremier163). Mompremierstates that theHouse extended their confiscation rule to include the slaves who wereemployed by disloyal masters across America and not just be employedby the rebel navies or armies.
Mompremier,Nadine F. "Emancipation and the Second Confiscation Act: LincolnHad Other Ideas." HowardLJ57 (2013): 163.