Thoseliving in poverty
Despitethe fact that the past five years have witnessed a significanteconomic recovery, it is evident that poverty is still stubbornlyhigh in the United States. The Census Bureau, for instance, indicatedthat more than 45 million people are living below the poverty line(Census.gov,2016). Although this is a decline from the previous years, 14.5% isstill a very large percentage and effective measures thus need to beadopted to ensure that the living standards of these individuals areuplifted for the better. This essay investigates on the topic ofthose living in poverty in the United States and gives examplesolutions that if effectively implemented by help reverse statistics.
Povertyand health disparities
Researchhas established that the most affected aggregates with poverty arethe minority groups (Shaefer & Edin, 2013). The Census Bureaustates that 10.1% of all white non-Hispanic groups are living belowthe poverty line while in African Americans, the figures were at26.2% (Census.gov,2016). These numbers mean that certain aggregates are moredisadvantaged than others and this is likely to result in majorhealth disparities.
Itis important to understand about those living in poverty ratesbecause research has established that it has close connections withthe standards of living (Pascoe at al. 2016). For example, those whoare living in poverty do not have access to quality food, and as aresult, they are likely to suffer from several nutrition-relateddiseases and conditions. Additionally, crime rates are usually higherin areas where people are poor because of minimal employmentopportunities.
Highpoverty level also has an impact on the country`s socio-economicstatus because it increases dependence amongst the citizens. It isevident that when significant sections of the population are livingbelow the poverty lines, they are likely to depend on the governmentto provide for essential services which as relief food and subsidizedhealth care among others. Since this money is usually collected fromthe citizens in the form of tax, other people will have to incur theexpense. Over prolonged period, if effective strategies are notimplemented to ensure that poverty statistics are reversed, there islikely to be very high dependency amongst citizens.
Lastly,it is important to understand about those living in poverty becausethis has a direct impact on the social environment. Areas that areinhabited by poor people are usually not well maintained, and thereare environmental challenges such a poor drainage and wastemanagement systems (Shaefer & Edin, 2013). This tends to exposepeople to a lot of risks of infections. The most affected members areusually children and those with weak immune systems. Sometimes, thisis usually the primary cause of several waterborne and communicablediseases that have continued to claim millions of lives in the UnitedStates and other countries.
Currentsolutions to minimize poverty
Froman individual’s perspective, managing poverty levels in the countrywill require the active involvement of everyone in the society. Oneof the ways through which high poverty levels could be reversed isthrough the provision of equal employment opportunities. It isevident that most poor people are not employed and cannot meet theirfinancial obligations and are thus forced to live a substandard life.Additionally, these aggregates are not able to pay for essentialservices such as quality health services. The government andconcerned stakeholders can come in and ensure that adequate policiesare enacted that will allow for equal employment opportunitiesregardless of a person’s race, political ideologies and spiritualstand.
Anotherway of minimizing poverty levels is through mass education. Unlikebefore, getting a well-paying job is now very hard because of highcompetition. Affected aggregates need to be taught on the importantof entrepreneurship so that they can start new businesses and employother people (Pascoe at al. 2016). Here, concerned parties may alsobe forced to provide the necessary capital since this may be amongthe limiting factors.
Anotherstrategy that can be used to reduce poverty levels is by ensuringequal infrastructural development in the country. With rural to urbanmigrations and urbanization, the government has mostly focused itsattention on developing major cities. The resultant impact of this isthat the countryside tends to grow at very slower rates.Additionally, security becomes a very important concern. Thesefactors tend to discourage potential investors who could haveinvested in such areas and provided meaningful employmentopportunities to the affected population. Lastly, other measures thatcan be implemented to reduce high poverty level include youthempowerment and ensuring access to quality education.
Itis evident that poverty is a serious issue that has causedsignificant health disparities. Individuals who come from low-incomefamilies are unable to meet their financial obligations and cannotthus pay for essential services such as quality medical care.Additionally, they fail to purchase quality foods and related items,and this exposes them to a lot of health risk. In reversing thetrend, the government, and concerned stakeholders need to ensure thatthere is equality in employment opportunities, mass education onentrepreneurship and youth empowerment.
Census.gov.(2016). Poverty. Retrieved fromhttp://www.census.gov/topics/income-poverty/poverty.html
Pascoe,J. M., Wood, D. L., Duffee, J. H., & Kuo, A. (2016). Mediatorsand adverse effects of child poverty in the UnitedStates. Pediatrics, 137(4),e20160340.
Shaefer,H. L., & Edin, K. (2013). Rising extreme poverty in the UnitedStates and the response of federal means-tested transferprograms. SocialService Review, 87(2),250-268.