“To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee

“ToKill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee

`ToKill a Mockingbird` is a novel by Harper Lee, published in 1960.According to Lee, good people are rarely accepted in the society associety members see them as enemies. The author also tries to showthe readers and the society the importance of racial equality, but itis all in vain. People know this truth after witnessing certainactions of racial discrimination, but the society still fights racialequality. Lee uses characters to represent the world society in whichpeople live in. In this context, the paper will focus on chapter 10and describe the characters in the chapter, the plot, and the themes,all to show how Harper Lee demonstrates racial discrimination, caringfor and protecting the innocent.

Abrief description of the characters

Leeuses different characters to express different themes in chapter tenand his thoughts. One of the major characters is Atticus. He is alawyer, widow, and a father of two children. The author uses Atticusto develop a theme of appearance and reality. Other characters usedinclude Jean Louise Finch (Scout) and Jem who is Scout`s olderbrother. They are Atticus children, and they all lived in Maycombtown as a family. Scout and Jem’s main role as portrayed in thenovel is to illustrate the theme of racism. There are othercharacters are used to develop this plot, who include, Miss Maudie,Calpurnia, and Miss Eula May among others. All the above charactersare a representation of a true society, including how differentmembers of the society behave.


InChapter 10 of this novel, Jem and Scout are not impressed by the factthat their father is not involved in the activities that they wishedto. They are also not happy about their father being older than theirclassmates’ parents are. In fact, they were humiliated in school byother kids because of the Robinson case. One day, a wild dog appearsin the city, and it had to be killed to ensure the security of thepeople. Calpurnia rushes to Miss Eula May, a telephone operator, andhe wants to call Atticus and inform him about the rabid dog.Unfortunately, Radley`s do not have a phone, and so Calpurnia runs totheir place and shouts to them about the mad dog. Atticus did nothesitate. He reluctantly picks his weapon walks to the middle of thestreet. He fired his gun and killed the dog (Milică). This was quiteimpressing to the society but mostly to his children.


Inthis chapter, there are a number of themes, which Lee clearlyexpresses. First is caring for and protecting the innocent. It is inthis chapter that the reader understands the title “To Kill aMockingbird.” Atticus tells Scout and Jem that it is a sin to killa Mockingbird because they are good birds and they entertain people.In this chapter, Mockingbird is used to show innocence, thusprotecting them is a show of protecting the innocent in the society(Milică). The second theme used in the novel is Racism. Oneincidence of racism in the novel is evident in school where Scout andJem are humiliated and despised. Students look down on them sincethey are of an inferior race. Lastly, appearance and reality is shownwhere Atticus children consider his father weak, but in reality, heis not.


Manyare times when non-violent people are considered weak. This isbecause, some societies group people in terms of strength accordingto their levels of violence. A similar incident is very evident inthe novel discussed in this paper. People do not take the time tolearn the real character of other characters as illustrated byAtticus children and the society. Both consider Atticus as weakbecause he cares about things like mockingbirds. However, when a wilddog enters the town, the one who helps in killing it is Atticus whomthey all considered weak. The people of this city do not appreciatehim in any way, but he helped them. The novel teaches a moral lessonthat it is unwise to consider the kind weak. The same people youdespise may be the same one to help you in times of danger.


Milică,Iulia&nbspA. &quotRacial Violence in William Faulkner’s DrySeptember and Harper Lee’s to kill a Mockingbird.&quotLinguaculture,vol.&nbsp2012, no.&nbsp1,&nbsp2012.