Deportationinvolves the process of removing an alien from a country that he isin and taking him back to0 his country of origin once it is learntthat he is in the country illegally. Deportation dates back to theyear 1798 when a law was passed to allow the president to deportanyone that seemed to be in the United States illegally. Many yearslater, the issue of deportation has increased. More deportations havebeen witnessed in the United States in the recent years than it hasever been in history.
Golash-Bozaargues that the rate of deportation has been very high in the UnitedStates, especially from the year 1997 to present (Oakes,833).He argues that the policy has been embedded in the aspect of economicrestructuring and the neoliberal reforms.
Withthe upcoming election, the fate of the deportation and the affectedis unknown. The two presidential candidates have had various viewsregarding the aspect of removal. Based on the arguments that the twopresidential candidates have been having regarding deportation, theelection results will determine the twist that the issue will take.
Argumentof Golash Boza
Golashpoints out that the rate of expulsion has increased from the year1997 by double. He elaborates that there is a disturbing trend inwhich more than 97% of those deported are sent to the Latin Americacountries while the rest are taken to Caribbean. She argues that themass deportation brings about the global apartheid (Oakes,833).This is proven by the fact that removal from the country seems to bebased on racism more than on justice. Golash is quick to note thatthe mass deportation violates the human rights of the immigrants, asjustice seems to be overlooked in the process of deportation.
Sheelaborates that the mass deportation is brought about by theneoliberal system as well the intensification of the economy. Golashaddresses the aspect of global apartheid concerning thediscrimination that is caused by the handling of the deportationprocess. The black men and the Latin Americans are seen to bediscriminated and deported at a higher rate than any other race. Thediscrimination is done in a similar way to what the native black menexperience. She sees deportation as a process that comes to destroythe unity of different races in the world.
Thereare various reforms that Golash addresses. First, she addresses theissue of privatization that is aimed at promoting capitalism. Thisgives power to individuals to own and control the means of productionas personal property. She also addresses the social controls that areput in place by the aspect of deportation. She argues that the massdeportation does harm not only to the immigrants but also to the restof the citizens. This is because of the labor flow out that isexperienced during mass deportation.
Argumentof Trump on deportation
DonaldTrump, the Republican presidential candidate has spoken severally onthe issue of eviction. From his point of view, he has said that ifelected the president, he will form an immigration task force. Thepolicy that Trump intends to implement is likely to see at least fivemillion people deported from the United States of America. Trump putsacross that he will not only deport the criminal immigrants but willhave to deport all aliens that are not documented in the legalregisters. He says that he intends to swiftly deport up to sixmillion and five hundred thousand immigrants who live in the UnitedStates without the proper legal documentation. He also addresses of aplanned policy of deporting the people who have overstayed theirVisas. The Republican presidential candidate has maintained on thedeportation strategy as a way of cutting down the strenuousexpenditures that the government incurs due to the high number ofpeople in the country.
Argumentof Clinton on deportation
HillaryClinton supports the need for secure borders but takes a differentangle of argument on how to treat and carry out the eviction process.Hillary, as opposed to Trump, does not support the mass deportationof the immigrants. Instead, Clinton promises on a policy that willpave the way for the integration of the immigrants into thecitizenship. Clinton also vows to come up with a system that willprotect the immigrants from deportation (Oakes,833).She says that she would also not deport the children or any of thefamily members. She claims that the children are well protected bythe law of the United States not to be deported under any conditions.
Trumpargues that the deportation would leave the documented citizens asthe owners of the nation to enjoy the economic benefits that comewith citizenship. This relates to C G argument in that thedeportation is aimed at improving the economy.
Clintonargues that mass deportation would lead to the aspect of overlookingthe rights of the immigrants (Oakes,833).She also states that it might bring about discrimination in terms ofraces, which is reflected by Golash argument of the global apartheid.
New-Liberalreforms by G-G
Golashidentifies deregulation as one of the reforms that are aimed by theexercise of deportation. Golash recognizes that the governmentintends to reduce the level of laws that have been put up regulatingthe economy. Such regulations mainly include the economicregulations. Deregulation is aimed at being attained after thereduction of the immigrants in the United States.
Golashalso addresses the issue of privatization. This is an aim that istargeted at increasing the level of capitalism in the country. Bydeporting the immigrants, it is anticipated that the government willbe able to convert the state-owned property to individual property.
Golashelaborates this aspect as a major one that forms part of theneoliberal reforms. According to Golash, this reform is aimed atcontrolling the resource use by the people. The reform aims atcutting down the social benefits of the workers. This means that theworkers will have to receive less compensation in terms of socialbenefits.
Thisis a reform in which the government is aiming at reducing and in somecases eliminating the trade barriers involved in the exchange ofgoods between countries. The issue has taken the podium and has beendebated to determine its worth. Quotas and tariffs are anticipated tobe reduced and eliminated in some cases if the reform is implemented.
Theother neoliberal reform that has been discussed in different forumsis that of reducing the tax rates imposed on the citizens of theUnited States of America. According to Golash, the reform is aimed atreducing the burden of the citizens who are subjected to high ratesof taxation.
Trumpargument on the tax cuts reform
Trumpsuggests that the income tax for the wealthy ought to be reduced. Hesuggests that the rich have been paying more that they are supposedto, terming such payment as adverse to the businesses and the economyat large (Oakes,833).In specific, Trump defends his plan by proposing a tax cut on theincome of the wealthy people from the current 39% to around 33%. Uponthe estimation that has been carried out, it has been seen that Trumpproposes the enhancement of income after tax increase from 10% toaround 16%. He suggests that this kind of a policy would boost theeconomy and motivate more investors.
Clintonargument on the tax cuts reform
Clintonhas come out strongly opposing the proposal by Trump to have theirtax rates reduced. She suggests that the rich have not even beenpaying enough taxes as they ought to have been doing. Clinton arguesthat this same policy got the country into the economic mess that ithas gotten into currently. To defend her argument, Clinton quotes thepolicy undertaken in the year 2008 to try and cut down taxes. Thisdid not only work, but got the situation of the country worse. She,therefore, argues that tax cuts for the wealthy cannot in any wayimprove the economy of the United States. She suggests better ways ofreforming the economy ought to be considered rather than thinking oftax cuts.
Clintonargument on social benefits cuts
HillaryClinton has come out strongly to defend herself on the issue of theproposed reform of cutting down social benefits (Oakes,833).Clinton has stated clearly and repeated that she has no intentions ofcutting the social benefits. She instead promises to defend thebenefits and even increase them.
Predictionon Future of Deportations
IfClinton is elected
Allthrough her campaigns, Clinton has had a mixed set of ideas onwhether to implement eviction or not. In the past, Clinton was seento support deportation, though in a structured manner. In the recentpast, Clinton has been seen to have changed her approach to theissue. She has pledged to provide a way that will integrate theimmigrants to citizenship and protect them. If elected as thepresident of the United States, Clinton is not likely to deportimmigrants. Though the chances of deportation are still there, theyare quite low as mass deportation is not likely.
IfTrump is elected
Trumphas supported the issue of deportation all through. He has notchanged his mind at any particular time. He has advocated for theswift deportation of the immigrants who have not been documented inthe citizens` register. He has also threatened to deport all theimmigrants who are living on outdated visas(Oakes, 833).He goes ahead to elaborate that he aims at deporting at least fivemillion people. If Trump is elected as the United States president,mass deportation is likely to occur. This will see the millions ofindividuals living in the United States being deported to theirnative countries.
Theresults of the presidential election in the United States willdetermine the direction the country will take afterward. As it hasbeen observed, the two candidates differ sharply on the main issuesof governance and policies. The relationship of the country withother nations will also depend on who becomes the president of theUnited States. It is clear that any result of the election willbring about an impact on the lives of the citizens as well as theentire world.
Oakes,Jacob. "US Immigration Policy: Enforcement & DeportationTrump Fair Hearings-Systematic Violations of InternationalNon-Refoulement Obligations regarding Refugees." NCJInt`l L.41 (2015): 833.