VERSAILLES: THE ALLIES’ “LAST HORRIBLE TRIUMPH.” 4
The treaty of Versailles was formulated as a peace settlement betweenallied forces and central forces lead by Germany at the end of theFirst World War. The war had significantly affected Germany such thatthey had no otherwise but to adhere to the terms set by alliedforces, which include France, United Kingdom, and Russian Empire withthe support of Japan and the United States. This treaty directlytargeted Germany as it was formulated by its enemies.
Before the war, Germany had a productive economy, which was one ofthe best in Europe. Its engine was the German workforce, which is itspopulation. However, the treaty reduced the size of Germany thusreducing its workforce. Besides, the agreement stated that Germanywas accountable for the war thus compensation to the allied nationswas introduced. This significantly affected the already deterioratingeconomic status by hindering restoration and reconstruction of theeconomy due to the high reparation cost in the coming years.
Versailles treaty provided for the cession of some areas to othercountries. These areas include Alsace and Lorraine. These areas werevital to the economy of Germany as they served as sources of rawmaterials. This further influenced the re-enactment of herindustries. All these factors made it hard for the financial systemof Germany to cope thus causing a deeper economic downfall after thewar.
In a German perceptive, the treaty was aimed to isolate and crippleher. Noticeably, these principles aim at stretching Germanyphysically at her borders, economically through reparation andpolitically by administering her as a bankrupt state. Furtherisolation was by not incorporating her in the Covenant of League ofNations. The League of Nations had a role of uniting all factions ofthe war. However, it overlooked Germany. Thus, Germany was cut offfrom foreign nations making her vulnerable economically andpolitically.
Concerning the principles, the government of German did not havepower to conduct and discrete the construction of canals andrailroads within her territory. In addition, an international bodygoverned her rivers this clearly shows the extent of dominance ofthe allied forces in Germany.
In the commentary, it is clear that inherent fundamental rights alsoapply to nations. Thus, the analysis relies on Fundamentalinternational law can be termed as the law that establishes theconstitution of government in a country and recommends and adjuststhe manner of its application. Besides, self-preservation andself-determination are a fundamental right for a nation.International fundamental law assures that all states should beequally treated and they have the same legal capacity. Thus isolatingGermany, in this case, is a violation of her basic fundamental right.
The post-war treatment of Germany by other states was biased. As thecommentary details, the peace treaty violated the rights of Germany,its economy, its population and political system. Even though alliedforces may argue that, they wanted to cripple Germany to preventanother war clear guidelines should have been set to ensure equalityand fairness to all nations that participated in the war. To beginwith, the composition of the commission that formulated the treatyneeded to be fair with equal delegates from both factions. Theconditions of the settlement should have also considered the Germancivilians who had been adversely affected by the war thus formulatean economic resurgence method for her.
Besides, isolating Germany in the international scene only garneredher sympathizers. Hence, the peace treaty conditions could have beenstrict to military restructuring but friendly to social and economictransformation.
Comments of the German Delegation to the Paris Peace Conference onthe Conditions of Peace (1919, retrieved on 31/10/16